GPS Tracking Software < 3.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities

Credit: Noman Riffat
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes

CVSS Base Score: 7.5/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

# Exploit Title: GPS-SERVER.NET SAAS CMS <=3.0 Multiple Vulnerabilities # Exploit Author: Noman Riffat # Vendor Homepage: # Software Link: # Version: <=3.0 # Tested on: Linux and Windows # CVE : CVE-2017-17097, CVE-2017-17098 GPS-SERVER.NET SAAS CMS Version <=3.0 Suffers from multiple vulnerabilities which results in complete takeover of the target remotely. 1. Remote Code Injection (Works until version 3.0) The writeLog function in fn_common.php in GPS Tracking Software (self hosted) through 3.0 allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary PHP code via a crafted request that is mishandled during admin log viewing. Login, signup and other common incidents are logged into a PHP file in /logs/ directory with the given input. For example an attacker can use PHP code in password recovery mode instead of email which will be injected into the PHP log file. Demo: Go to the vulnerable site Click recover tab Give following code in email field, fill captcha and click submit <?php system($_GET[cmd]); ?> Unfortunately each and every POST request in the CMS is going through function mysql_real_escape_string() which will add slashes behind every quote in the payload. So you have to make sure your payload doesn't contain any quote. Fortunately, PHP is flexible enough to allow a string without having quotes as you can see in above payload it doesn't contain quotes around "cmd" but it still works. The shell can then be collected from here https://localhost/logs/YYYY_MM_user_access.php YYYY=Current Year MM=Current Month Use the payload carefully. If you messed it up, PHP log file will get corrupted and then wait until next month so CMS generates a new log file for you :) Unfortunately the header of log files only allows admin session to access log data which makes it less of a RCE. Code will only be executed if admin checks the log files. But fortunately there is another vulnerability (explained below) which allows an attacker to hijack admin's account hence making the RCE exploitable with 100% success. 2. Password Reset Vulnerability (Tested upto version 2.7) GPS Tracking Software (self hosted) 2.x has a password reset procedure that immediately resets passwords upon an unauthenticated request, and then sends e-mail with a predictable (date-based) password to the admin, which makes it easier for remote attackers to obtain access by predicting this new password. This is related to the use of gmdate() function for password creation in fn_connect.php. Demo: Go to the vulnerable site Click recover tab Input admin's email, fill captcha and click submit. Now execute following PHP code on your local machine immediately. <?php for($seconds=-10;$seconds<10;$seconds++){ echo substr(hash('sha1',gmdate('d F Y G i s u', time()+$seconds)),0,6).'<br>'; } ?> Submitting password reset form and executing above should be done parallel to predict password as close as possible. Unfortunately i couldn't make full remote exploit because of the captcha in the password reset form. This code will predict possible 20 passwords generated in 20 seconds. It might not be possible to have synchronized timing on your local machine and target's server so this code generates 20 passwords (10 before actual time and 10 after). Set your local machine's time as accurate as you can to get the perfect combo :) Password reset vulnerability is tested up to version 2.7 but doesn't work on version 3.0 which means it was fixed somewhere in between version 2.7 and 3.0 and since the CMS isn't open source so I can't say when it got fixed (I only had source code of version 2.5.9 and 2.7). Even though the reset vulnerability was patched unintentionally as developers added a mid-step in password reset procedure. CMS sends password reset link to the admin's email and password is only reset once admin clicks the link. Since we don't know when admin is gonna click the link so we can't predict the new password. Mitigation: Update CMS to version 3.1 Give me feedback @nomanriffat :)

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