GhostMail Filename To Link Script Insertion

Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes

Document Title: =============== GhostMail - (filename to link) POST Inject Web Vulnerability References (Source): ==================== Release Date: ============= 2018-06-26 Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID): ==================================== 1471 Common Vulnerability Scoring System: ==================================== 4.2 Vulnerability Class: ==================== Cross Site Scripting - Persistent Current Estimated Price: ======================== 500a! - 1.000a! Product & Service Introduction: =============================== Sign up to military grade encrypted GhostMail and enjoy instant free and secure email & chat. No download or installs needed. GhostMail is your new secure email & chat platform, with great features like self destruction, two factor login and much more... Join free today and start enforcing your privacy and online rights. (Copy of the Vendor Homepage: ) Abstract Advisory Information: ============================== The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered an application-side vulnerability in the official GhostMail chat online service web-application. Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline: ================================== 2018-06-26: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory) Discovery Status: ================= Published Affected Product(s): ==================== GhostCom Ltd. Product: GhostMail (Chat) - Web Application (Online Service) 2015 Q2 Exploitation Technique: ======================= Remote Severity Level: =============== Medium Authentication Type: ==================== Restricted authentication (user/moderator) - User privileges User Interaction: ================= Low User Interaction Disclosure Type: ================ Bug Bounty Program Technical Details & Description: ================================ An application-side input validation web vulnerability has been discovered in the official Ghostmail online service web-application. The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own script codes on the application-side of the affected web-application module. The vulnerability is located in the `file attach link` and `filename` value of the `ghostmail - mail` module. The filename and file attach link input values are wrong encoded. The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own script code to the application-side of the vulnerable module. The request method to inject the script code is POST and the attack vector is persistent. The security risk of the persistent web vulnerability is estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 3.7. Exploitation of the persistent input validation vulnerability requires a low privileged web-application user account and low user interaction. Successful exploitation results in session hijacking, persistent phishing attacks, persistent external redirect and malware loads or persistent manipulation of affected and connected module context. Request Method(s): [+] POST Vulnerable Module(s): [+] Ghostmail/mail Vulnerable Input(s): [+] File attach link Vulnerable Parameter(s): [+] filename Proof of Concept (PoC): ======================= The application-side web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged application user account and low user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the security vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue. PoC: Payload (Exploitation) <a href="blob:" download="" filename="../"[MALICIOUS SCRIPT CODE PAYLOAD!]">"></a> Manual steps to reproduce the security vulnerability ... 1. Opne the ghostmail online service page and login 2. Move to the ./mail path of the application 3. Start a session tamper for http protocols to intercept 4. Inject your own script code in the name of attach file parameter during the request Note: There's a script code injection vulnerability in the link for the file attach (attachment) parameter Note: In the link to download the file and in the download="name file" use "title="THIS IS A VULN_LAB TEST" 5. When you will upload a file with name "filename=" 6. The link in the attachment changes and cannot download the file because the link has no name specification for downloading Note: <a href="blob:" download="" filename="[MALICIOUS SCRIPT CODE PAYLOAD!]>"></a> 7. Successful reproduce of the vulnerability! Reference(s): Solution - Fix & Patch: ======================= The vulnerability can be patched by a parse and encode of the vulnerable filename and link to filename value in the upload POST method request. Restrict the input and disallow special chars. Escape the web context to prevent an application-side script code execution vulnerability. The vulnerability has been reported 2016-10-01. The issue was resolved during the 2017 Q2 - Q4 by the ghost mail developer team. Security Risk: ============== The security risk of the application-side input validation web vulnerability in the ghostmail mail module is estimated as medium (CVSS 4.2). Credits & Authors: ================== Vulnerability-Lab [] - Disclaimer & Information: ========================= The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability Labs or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability mainly for incidental or consequential damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases or trade with stolen data. We have no need for criminal activities or membership requests. We do not publish advisories or vulnerabilities of religious-, militant- and racist- hacker/analyst/researcher groups or individuals. We do not publish trade researcher mails, phone numbers, conversations or anything else to journalists, investigative authorities or private individuals. Domains: - - Programs: - - Feeds: - - Social: - - Any modified copy or reproduction, including partially usages, of this file, resources or information requires authorization from Vulnerability Laboratory. Permission to electronically redistribute this alert in its unmodified form is granted. All other rights, including the use of other media, are reserved by Vulnerability Lab Research Team or its suppliers. All pictures, texts, advisories, source code, videos and other information on this website is trademark of vulnerability-lab team & the specific authors or managers. To record, list, modify, use or edit our material contact (admin@) to get an ask permission. Copyright A(c) 2018 | Vulnerability Laboratory - [Evolution Security GmbH]aC/ -- VULNERABILITY LABORATORY - RESEARCH TEAM SERVICE:


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