Cisco RV320 Unauthenticated Configuration Export

2019.01.24
Credit: CGI
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-284


CVSS Base Score: 5/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: None

Advisory: Cisco RV320 Unauthenticated Configuration Export RedTeam Pentesting discovered that the configuration of a Cisco RV320 router may be exported without authentication through the device's web interface. Details ======= Product: Cisco RV320 Dual Gigabit WAN VPN Router, possibly others Affected Versions: 1.4.2.15, 1.4.2.17 Fixed Versions: since 1.4.2.19 Vulnerability Type: Information Disclosure Security Risk: high Vendor URL: https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20190123-rv-info Vendor Status: fixed version released Advisory URL: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/advisories/rt-sa-2018-002 Advisory Status: published CVE: CVE-2019-1653 CVE URL: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-1653 Introduction ============ "Keep your employees, your business, and yourself productive and effective. The Cisco RV320 Dual Gigabit WAN VPN Router is an ideal choice for any small office or small business looking for performance, security, and reliability in its network." (from the Cisco RV320 product page [1]) More Details ============ The Cisco RV320 Dual Gigabit WAN VPN Router provides a web-based configuration interface. In the device's firmware, this functionality is implemented using a variety of CGI programs. Access to this web interface requires prior authentication using a username and password. RedTeam Pentesting discovered the CGI program: /cgi-bin/config.exp This program can be used to export the router's configuration. In contrast to other functions, this CGI program does not require any form of authentication. It may be accessed through the router's web server, which is available from the LAN by default. As described in [2], firmware versions from 1.4.2 to 1.4.2.15 (including) also expose the web server to the WAN on TCP port 8007. Proof of Concept ================ A device's configuration can be retrieved by issuing an HTTP GET request to the vulnerable CGI program (output shortened): ------------------------------------------------------------------------ $ curl -s http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/config.exp ####sysconfig#### [VERSION] VERSION=73 MODEL=RV320 SSL=0 IPSEC=0 PPTP=0 PLATFORMCODE=RV0XX [...] [SYSTEM] HOSTNAME=router DOMAINNAME=example.com DOMAINCHANGE=1 USERNAME=cisco PASSWD=066bae9070a9a95b3e03019db131cd40 [...] ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Workaround ========== Prevent untrusted clients from connecting to the device's web server. Fix === Install firmware version 1.4.2.19 (or later) on the router. Security Risk ============= This vulnerability is rated as a high risk as it exposes the device's configuration to untrusted, potentially malicious parties. By downloading the configuration, attackers can obtain internal network configuration, VPN or IPsec secrets, as well as password hashes for the router's user accounts. Knowledge of a user's password hash is sufficient to log into the router's web interface. Any information obtained through exploitation of this vulnerability can be used to facilitate further compromise of the device itself or attached networks. Timeline ======== 2018-09-19 Vulnerability identified 2018-09-27 Customer approved disclosure to vendor 2018-09-28 Vendor notified 2018-10-05 Receipt of advisory acknowledged by vendor 2018-10-05 Notified vendor of disclosure date: 2019-01-09 2018-11-18 List of affected versions provided by vendor 2018-12-21 Postponing disclosure to 2019-01-23, as requested by vendor 2019-01-23 Advisory published References ========== [1] https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/routers/rv320-dual-gigabit-wan-vpn-router/index.html [2] https://bst.cloudapps.cisco.com/bugsearch/bug/CSCvg42801 RedTeam Pentesting GmbH ======================= RedTeam Pentesting offers individual penetration tests performed by a team of specialised IT-security experts. Hereby, security weaknesses in company networks or products are uncovered and can be fixed immediately. As there are only few experts in this field, RedTeam Pentesting wants to share its knowledge and enhance the public knowledge with research in security-related areas. The results are made available as public security advisories. More information about RedTeam Pentesting can be found at: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/ Working at RedTeam Pentesting ============================= RedTeam Pentesting is looking for penetration testers to join our team in Aachen, Germany. If you are interested please visit: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/jobs/ -- RedTeam Pentesting GmbH Tel.: +49 241 510081-0 Dennewartstr. 25-27 Fax : +49 241 510081-99 52068 Aachen https://www.redteam-pentesting.de Germany Registergericht: Aachen HRB 14004 GeschA$?ftsfA1/4hrer: Patrick Hof, Jens Liebchen


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