Affected Software: Babel: Multilingual Site module for CMS Made Simple
Affected Version: 0.4.1 and earlier
Patched Version: None - project is no longer under development
CVE Identifier: TBD
Vulnerability type: CWE-601: URL Redirection to Untrusted Site ('Open
Severity Rating: CVSS v3 Base Score: 6.1
Security Researcher: Jan Kopriva @ Alef Nula
The Babel multi-language module for CMSMS contains an open redirection
vulnerability in a script within the redirect.php file. The script takes
an argument specifying a URL to which a browser should be redirected.
This URL may be completely arbitrary. It is therefore possible to craft
a link to a Babel-enabled site which causes redirection to any URL
specified, even outside the originating domain. This is especially
useful for phishing attacks, when attacker creates a link to a safe
site, which, without the knowledge of a user, redirects him or her to a
fake/malicious site. All CMSMS sites with Babel module installed are
affected, since redirect.php is always publically accessible.
The Babel module (http://dev.cmsmadesimple.org/projects/babel) provides
CMSMS sites with the capacity to easily switch between multiple
translations of web page content. Desired translation may be chosen by
sending a GET request to vulnerable.site/modules/babel/redirect.php.
Under normal conditions, this PHP script takes two arguments - "newlang"
and "newurl". The first argument sets the desired language for the
translation and the second one sets URL which should be displayed in
A non-working example of what the URL might look like is
The vulnerability is caused by the absence of any filtering when the
parameter "newurl" is processed (the parametr "newlang" is - for our
purposes - optional and may be omitted).
Further information regarding the vulnerability may be found at:
Proof of Concept:
Removal of the Babel module from any affected site.
Developer Contacted: 2. 2. 2019
Developer Responded: 11. 2. 2019 (project abandoned, no new versions are
to be expected)
Disclosure to CSIRT network: 14. 2. 2019
Public Disclosure: 23. 2. 2019