MediaWiki OAuth2 Client 0.3 Cross Site Request Forgery

2019.08.20
Credit: Justin Bull
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-352


CVSS Base Score: 6.8/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

[CVE-2019-15150] CSRF in MediaWiki extension OAuth2 Client 0.3 Happy Sunday everyone. A security bulletin for you all. Software: -------- MediaWiki OAuth2 Client (https://github.com/Schine/MW-OAuth2Client) Description: ---------- MediaWiki implementation of the PHP League's OAuth2 Client, to allow MediaWiki to act as a client to any OAuth2 server. Not Affeted: ------------ 0.2 and earlier. Affected Versions: --------------- 0.3 Fixed Versions: ------------- 0.4 Problem: -------- In the OAuth2 Client extension 0.3 for MediaWiki, a CSRF vulnerability exists due to the OAuth2 state parameter not being checked in the callback function. Per OAuth 2.0 spec, the authorization code grant flow is susceptible to CSRF and clickjacking attacks unless an appropriate "state" parameter is chosen and verified.[1][2][3] Although the software correctly generates an unguessable state value and sets it in the URL to the OAuth 2.0 server, it fails to actually check/validate the parameter in the callback against what it previously selected. The regression was introduced when switching underlying vendor code.[4] Impact: ------- As described in the OAuth 2.0 RFC spec, this opens the site relying on the software up to clickjacking and CSRF attacks.[1] A successful attack can lead to loss of integrity of the user/victim. Solution: --------- Update callback function to verify presence and correct `state` value as previously chosen prior to initiating the OAuth2 flow[5], as done in v0.4 release.[6] Timeline: --------- 2019-08-17: Bug discovered 2019-08-17: CVE requested, assigned, privately disclosed to maintainer, bugfix/patch authored 2019-08-18: Maintainer acknowledged, patched version 0.4 is released Credit: ------- Discovery by me. Thanks to the maintainer Schine GmbH. for a quick acknowledgement and release. References: ----------- [1]: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-10.12 [2]: https://auth0.com/docs/protocols/oauth2/mitigate-csrf-attacks [3]: https://auth0.com/docs/protocols/oauth2/oauth-state [4]: https://github.com/Schine/MW-OAuth2Client/commit/7188d6c8d359d41c6974c19b2c0907653bab8f6e [5]: https://github.com/Schine/MW-OAuth2Client/commit/6a4fe4500ddd72ad4e826d9d63b2d69512bd10d1 [6]: https://github.com/Schine/MW-OAuth2Client/releases/tag/v0.4 -- Best Regards, Justin Bull PGP Fingerprint: E09D 38DE 8FB7 5745 2044 A0F4 1A2B DEAA 68FD B34C


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