D-Link DSR-250N 3.12 Denial of Service (PoC)

2020.10.09
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: N/A

# Exploit Title: D-Link DSR-250N 3.12 - Denial of Service (PoC) # Google Dork: N/A # Author: RedTeam Pentesting GmbH # Date: 2020-10-03 # Exploit Author: Kiko Andreu (kikoas1995) & Daniel Monzón (stark0de) # Vendor Homepage: https://www.dlink.com # Software Link: https://www.dlink.com/en/products/dsr-250n-wireless-n-unified-service-router # Version: 3.17B # CVE : CVE-2020-26567 Advisory: Denial of Service in D-Link DSR-250N RedTeam Pentesting discovered a Denial-of-Service vulnerability in the D-Link DSR-250N device which allows unauthenticated attackers in the same local network to execute a CGI script which reboots the device. Details ======= Product: D-Link DSR-250N Affected Versions: 3.12 and potentially later Fixed Versions: 3.17B Vulnerability Type: DoS Security Risk: low Vendor URL: https://www.dlink.com/en/products/dsr-250n-wireless-n-unified-service-router Vendor Status: notified Advisory URL: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/advisories/rt-sa-2020-002 Advisory Status: published CVE: CVE-2020-26567 CVE URL: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-26567 Introduction ============ "The D-Link Wireless N Unified Service Router (DSR-250N) provides enhanced security, functionality and performance over a traditional VPN router without the complexity of a full firewall solution. The D-Link Wireless N Unified Service Router is a cost-effective, high performance solution for securing a small business network." (from the vendor's homepage) More Details ============ During a penetration test, the firmware for the D-Link DSR-250N router was downloaded from D-Links official website[1] and extracted for further analysis. It was then confirmed that CGI scripts exist on the router that can be directly accessed with a web browser, without any authentication. In particular, the script "upgradeStatusReboot.cgi" executes the command to reboot the device. Its contents are: ------------------------------------------------------------------------ #!/bin/sh echo Content-type: text/plain echo "" stat=`/sbin/reboot -d 8 &` echo $stat ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Executing this script renders the device unusable for the time of the reboot. In tests, it turned out that the device needs roughly four minutes to complete a reboot. As a consequence, any network using the device as a switch or router is not accessible during that time, too. In the penetration test, the router's web interface was available directly over the Internet. According to the vendor, the web interface is by default disabled for the WAN interface. Proof of Concept ================ An HTTP GET request to the CGI script "upgradeStatusReboot.cgi" will reboot the device: ------------------------------------------------------------------------ $ curl -k -s https://IP-ADDRESS/scgi-bin/upgradeStatusReboot.cgi ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Workaround ========== Access to the D-Link DSR-250N's web interface should only be enabled for administrators, for example by only allowing access from specific IP addresses in the firewall. Access over the WAN interface should also be disabled if it was enabled manually. Fix === A preview firmware version named 3.17B which should correct the issue was received at the end of September from the vendor. RedTeam Pentesting was not able to verify the fix due to lack of access to a test device. However, the formerly accessible CGI script is no longer part of the firmware. Security Risk ============= No authentication is needed to excute the CGI script and thereby reboot the device. Attackers might abuse this behaviour for targeted denial-of-service-attacks against D-Link customers, since rebooting the device interrupts access to networks relying on this device for routing or switching purposes. However, the attack is only possible if the attacker resides on the same network, and no further information can be gathered or control over the devices be obtained. Therefore, the vulnerability is rated as a low risk. Timeline ======== 2020-06-29 Vulnerability identified 2020-07-03 Customer approved disclosure to vendor 2020-07-03 Requested security contact from vendor via web formular 2020-07-03 Vendor replied with contact information 2020-07-07 Advisory provided to vendor 2020-09-28 Vendor provided fixed version to RedTeam Pentesting 2020-10-05 CVE ID requested 2020-10-06 CVE ID assigned 2020-10-08 Advisory released References ========== [1] https://support.dlink.com/ProductInfo.aspx?m=DSR-250N RedTeam Pentesting GmbH ======================= RedTeam Pentesting offers individual penetration tests performed by a team of specialised IT-security experts. Hereby, security weaknesses in company networks or products are uncovered and can be fixed immediately. As there are only few experts in this field, RedTeam Pentesting wants to share its knowledge and enhance the public knowledge with research in security-related areas. The results are made available as public security advisories. More information about RedTeam Pentesting can be found at: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/ Working at RedTeam Pentesting ============================= RedTeam Pentesting is looking for penetration testers to join our team in Aachen, Germany. If you are interested please visit:


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