CommScope Ruckus IoT Controller 1.7.1.0 Undocumented Account

2021.05.27
Credit: Jim Becher
Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-912

KL-001-2021-007: CommScope Ruckus IoT Controller Undocumented Account Title: CommScope Ruckus IoT Controller Undocumented Account Advisory ID: KL-001-2021-007 Publication Date: 2021.05.26 Publication URL: https://korelogic.com/Resources/Advisories/KL-001-2021-007.txt 1. Vulnerability Details Affected Vendor: CommScope Affected Product: Ruckus IoT Controller Affected Version: 1.7.1.0 and earlier Platform: Linux CWE Classification: CWE-798: Use of Hard-coded Credentials, CWE-912: Hidden Functionality CVE ID: CVE-2021-33216 2. Vulnerability Description An upgrade account is included in the IoT Controller OVA that provides the vendor undocumented access via Secure Copy (SCP). 3. Technical Description Once the OVA is imported into VirtualBox, a VMDK file is created. The VMDK file can be mounted and the directory structure and its contents can be perused. An authorized_keys file exists that allows an individual/organization possessing the SSH private key to access the virtual appliance using the 'vriotiotupgrade' account. The 'vriotiotupgrade' account is restricted to scp, per the rssh configuration. Additionally, it appears that the IoT Controller has rssh version 2.3.4 installed and in use. At the time of this advisory, there are at least three remote command injection vulnerabilities in this particular version of rssh: CVE-2019-3463, CVE-2019-3464 and CVE-2019-1000018. 4. Mitigation and Remediation Recommendation The vendor has released an updated firmware (1.8.0.0) which remediates the described vulnerability. Firmware and release notes are available at: https://www.commscope.com/globalassets/digizuite/917216-faq-security-advisory-id-20210525-v1-0.pdf 5. Credit This vulnerability was discovered by Jim Becher (@jimbecher) of KoreLogic, Inc. 6. Disclosure Timeline 2021.03.30 - KoreLogic submits vulnerability details to CommScope. 2021.03.30 - CommScope acknowledges receipt and the intention to investigate. 2021.04.06 - CommScope notifies KoreLogic that this issue, along with several others reported by KoreLogic, will require more than the standard 45 business day remediation timeline. 2021.04.06 - KoreLogic agrees to extend disclosure embargo if necessary. 2021.04.30 - CommScope informs KoreLogic that remediation for this vulnerability will be available inside of the standard 45 business day timeline. Requests KoreLogic acquire CVE number for this vulnerability. 2021.05.14 - 30 business days have elapsed since the vulnerability was reported to CommScope. 2021.05.17 - CommScope notifies KoreLogic that the patched version of the firmware will be available the week of 2021.05.24. 2021.05.19 - KoreLogic requests CVE from MITRE. 2021.05.19 - MITRE issues CVE-2021-33216. 2021.05.25 - CommScope releases firmware 1.8.0.0 and associated advisory. 2021.05.26 - KoreLogic public disclosure. 7. Proof of Concept With the VMDK file mounted at the current working directory: $ find . -name authorized_keys ./VRIOT/ap-images/authorized_keys ./VRIOT/ops/ap-images/authorized_keys $ cat VRIOT/ap-images/authorized_keys ssh-rsa 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 chandini.venkatesh@commscope.com $ cat VRIOT/ops/ap-images/authorized_keys ssh-rsa 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 chandini.venkatesh@commscope.com $ grep "ap-images" etc/passwd vriotiotupgrade:x:1002:1002::/VRIOT/ap-images/:/usr/bin/rssh $ tail -8 etc/ssh/sshd_config Match User vriotiotupgrade PasswordAuthentication no AuthorizedKeysFile /VRIOT/ap-images/authorized_keys Match User vriotha PasswordAuthentication yes $ grep -v ^# etc/rssh.conf logfacility = LOG_USER allowscp umask = 022 The contents of this advisory are copyright(c) 2021 KoreLogic, Inc. and are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 (United States) License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ KoreLogic, Inc. is a founder-owned and operated company with a proven track record of providing security services to entities ranging from Fortune 500 to small and mid-sized companies. We are a highly skilled team of senior security consultants doing by-hand security assessments for the most important networks in the U.S. and around the world. We are also developers of various tools and resources aimed at helping the security community. https://www.korelogic.com/about-korelogic.html Our public vulnerability disclosure policy is available at: https://korelogic.com/KoreLogic-Public-Vulnerability-Disclosure-Policy.v2.3.txt


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