SAP Knowledge Warehouse 7.50 / 7.40 / 7.31 / 7.30 Cross Site Scripting

2022.03.24
Credit: Julien Ahrens
Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-79


CVSS Base Score: 4.3/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: None
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: None

RCE Security Advisory https://www.rcesecurity.com 1. ADVISORY INFORMATION ======================= Product: SAP Knowledge Warehouse Vendor URL: https://help.sap.com/viewer/816f1f952d244bbf9dd5063e2a0e66b0/7.5.21/en-US/4dc9605e4a9d6522e10000000a15822b.html Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79] Date found: 2021-09-21 Date published: 2022-03-17 CVSSv3 Score: 6.1 (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N) CVE: CVE-2021-42063 2. CREDITS ========== This vulnerability was discovered and researched by Julien Ahrens from RCE Security. 3. VERSIONS AFFECTED ==================== SAP Knowledge Warehouse - versions 7.30, 7.31, 7.40, 7.50 4. INTRODUCTION =============== The SAP Knowledge Warehouse (SAP KW) is the SAP Solution for all the material used in training, documentation and handbooks. (from the vendor's homepage) 5. VULNERABILITY DETAILS ======================== The endpoint at /SAPIrExtHelp is vulnerable to an unauthenticated reflected Cross-Site Scripting vulnerability when user-supplied input to the URI is processed by the web application. Since the application does not properly validate and sanitize this input, it is possible to place arbitrary script code onto the same page. The following Proof-of-Concept triggers this vulnerability: https://localhost/SAPIrExtHelp/random/%22%3e%3c%53%56%47%20%4f%4e%4c%4f%41%44%3d%26%23%39%37%26%23%31%30%38%26%23%31%30%31%26%23%31%31%34%26%23%31%31%36%28%26%23%78%36%34%26%23%78%36%66%26%23%78%36%33%26%23%78%37%35%26%23%78%36%64%26%23%78%36%35%26%23%78%36%65%26%23%78%37%34%26%23%78%32%65%26%23%78%36%34%26%23%78%36%66%26%23%78%36%64%26%23%78%36%31%26%23%78%36%39%26%23%78%36%65%29%3e.asp 6. RISK ======= To successfully exploit this vulnerability an unauthenticated or authenticated user must be tricked into visiting an arbitrary website / link. The vulnerability can be used to temporarily embed arbitrary script code into the context of the web interface, which offers a wide range of possible attacks such as redirecting the user to a malicious page, spoofing content on the page or attacking the browser and its plugins. 7. SOLUTION =========== Update SAP Knowledge Warehouse to the latest version. 8. REPORT TIMELINE ================== 2021-09-21: Discovery of the vulnerability 2021-09-21: Contacted the vendor via their contact mail address 2021-09-21: Vendor response 2021-10-05: Requested status update from vendor 2021-10-06: Vendor acknowledges the vulnerability 2021-10-26: Requested status update from vendor 2021-10-27: Vendor states that they are still working on the issue 2021-11-04: CVE requested from SAP (responsible CNA) 2021-11-10: Vendor refuses to assign a CVE because they only assign CVEs when a security fix gets released 2021-11-10: Vendor asks not to disclose any details related to this bug by referring to their legal terms at https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/PSR/Disclosure+Guidelines+for+SAP+Security+Advisories 2021-11-10: Complained about vendor's legal terms which hold researchers accountable for "any harm to SAP users" 2021-11-10: Asked for the release date of the patch 2021-11-10: Vendor refuses to provide the release date due to "legal perspectives" 2021-11-10: Told the vendor that I do not agree to their legal terms and therefore all future vulnerabilities will be disclosed without prior notification 2021-11-21: No vendor response 2021-11-21: Asked for a status update 2021-11-23: Vendor wants to have a phone call instead 2021-11-23: Rejected the phone call due to their squishy legal terms 2021-11-29: Vendor provides the assigned CVE-2021-42063 2021-11-29: Vendor asks not to release any details until December patch day (14th) 2021-12-13: Vendor provides information on the security note for December patch day 2021-12-13: Vendor asks for a 3-month grace period before doing the disclosure 2022-03-15: Sent notification about the upcoming public disclosure on 2022-03-17 2022-03-17: Public disclosure 9. REFERENCES ============= https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/PSR/SAP+Security+Patch+Day+-+December+2021 https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-42063 https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/notes/3102769


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