B&R Systems Diagnostics Manager Cross Site Scripting

Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes

SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20230214-0 > ======================================================================= title: Multiple XSS Vulnerabilities product: B&R Systems Diagnostics Manager vulnerable version: >=3.00 and <=C4.93 fixed version: >=D4.93 CVE number: CVE-2022-4286 impact: medium homepage: https://www.br-automation.com found: 2022-10-28 by: S. Robertz (Office Vienna) G. Hechenberger (Office Vienna) SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab An integrated part of SEC Consult, an Atos company Europe | Asia | North America https://www.sec-consult.com ======================================================================= Vendor description: ------------------- "Our slogan is our mission. The pursuit of Perfection in Automation has inspired and guided B&R for over 40 years. To us, perfection means more than developing the best solutions in industrial automation. It also means developing the best relationships – with our customers and partners as well as our employees and suppliers. Keen foresight and entrepreneurial courage helped us rise quickly into the ranks of top global players in industrial automation. An intuitive sense of market dynamics and emerging trends has established us as a pioneer, leading the way with the most innovative technology on the market. Our role as the ABB Group's global center for machine and factory automation strengthens our position of leadership and adds new momentum to our impressive record of sustained growth." Source: https://www.br-automation.com/en/about-us/ Business recommendation: ------------------------ The vendor provides a software update which should be installed immediately. SEC Consult highly recommends to perform a thorough security review of the product conducted by security professionals to identify and resolve potential further security issues. Vulnerability overview/description: ----------------------------------- 1) Multiple Reflected Cross-Site-Scripting Vulnerabilities (CVE-2022-4286) An attacker can execute arbitrary JavaScript code in the context of the victim's session, thus perform all actions, exfiltrate information, etc. In order to exploit this vulnerability the attacker will have to trick the user into visiting a manipulated URL. Proof of concept: ----------------- 1) Multiple Reflected Cross-Site-Scripting Vulnerabilities (CVE-2022-4286) The following URL has to be visited by the victim in order to execute arbitrary JavaScript code. http://<PLC-IP>/sdm/cgiFileLoop.cgi?service=javascript:alert(document.domain);%2f%2f&type=512&scope=%3Cfile:///etc/passwd%3E&module=Snapshot&option=3 A very similar vulnerability can be found at another endpoint of the System Diagnostic Manager (SDM). http://<PLC-IP>/sdm/svg.cgi?type=cpuusage&index=1%3Cscript%3Ealert(document.domain)%3C/script%3E Vulnerable / tested versions: ----------------------------- The following device and firmware version has been tested: * B&R X20CP3687X SwModuleVersion 186 According to the vendor, all B&R Automation Runtime (AR) versions >=3.00 and <=C4.93 are affected. Vendor contact timeline: ------------------------ 2022-11-21: Contacting vendor through cybersecurity@br-automation.com. Sent encrypted advisory. 2022-11-22: Vendor requests B&R Automation Runtime version. 2022-12-01: Vendor confirms vulnerability. Will be fixed with next release. Asking for timeline. 2022-12-13: Advisory and patch will be published on 2023-02-10. Vendor offers to share the advisory for review purposes. 2023-01-25: Reviewing vendor advisory, receiving CVE + affected/fixed version numbers 2023-02-10: Vendor provides the patch. 2023-02-14: Coordinated release of security advisory. Solution: --------- The vendor supplies a patch, which should be installed immediately. The following version mitigates the identified XSS issues: * B&R Automation Runtime version >=D4.93 The vendor has published the following security advisory: https://www.br-automation.com/downloads_br_productcatalogue/assets/1675607299099-en-original-1.0.pdf Workaround: ----------- Administrators can deactivate the System Diagnostics Manager in case it is not needed. Advisory URL: ------------- https://sec-consult.com/vulnerability-lab/ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab SEC Consult, an Atos company Europe | Asia | North America About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab is an integrated part of SEC Consult, an Atos company. It ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the field of network and application security to stay ahead of the attacker. The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab supports high-quality penetration testing and the evaluation of new offensive and defensive technologies for our customers. Hence our customers obtain the most current information about vulnerabilities and valid recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Interested to work with the experts of SEC Consult? Send us your application https://sec-consult.com/career/ Interested in improving your cyber security with the experts of SEC Consult? Contact our local offices https://sec-consult.com/contact/ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Mail: security-research at sec-consult dot com Web: https://www.sec-consult.com Blog: http://blog.sec-consult.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/sec_consult EOF S. Robertz, G. Hechenberger / @2023

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